Role of the renin-angiotensin system in regulation and autoregulation of renal blood flow.
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The role for ANG II in renal blood flow (RBF) autoregulation is unsettled. The present study was designed to test the effect of clamping plasma ANG II concentrations ([ANG II]) by simultaneous infusion of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor captopril and ANG II on RBF autoregulation in halothane-anesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats. Autoregulation was defined as the RBF response to acute changes in renal perfusion pressure (RPP). Regulation was defined as changes in RBF during long-lasting changes in RPP. The results showed that a prolonged reduction of RPP reset the lower limit of autoregulation from 85 +/- 1 to 73 +/- 2 mmHg (P < 0.05) and regulated RBF to a lower level. Reduction of RPP to just above the lower limit of autoregulation (88 mmHg) induced regulation of RBF to a lower level within 10 min. Clamping [ANG II] per se reset the lower limit of autoregulation to 62 +/- 5 mmHg. In this case, reduction in RPP to 50 mmHg did not induce a downregulation of RBF. We conclude that ANG II plays an important role in the resetting of the autoregulation limits. The ability to regulate RBF to a new level as a response to changes in RPP also depends on changes in [ANG II].
|American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Udgivet - 2000