T-type Ca2+ channels and autoregulation of local blood flow
Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskrift › Tidsskriftartikel › fagfællebedømt
L-type voltage gated Ca2+ channels are considered to be the primary source of calcium influx during the myogenic response. However, many vascular beds also express T-type voltage gated Ca2+ channels. Recent studies suggest that these channels may also play a role in autoregulation. At low pressures (40–80 mmHg) T-type channels affect myogenic responses in cerebral and mesenteric vascular beds. T-type channels also seem to be involved in skeletal muscle autoregulation. This review discusses the expression and role of T-type voltage gated Ca2+ channels in the autoregulation of several different vascular beds. Lack of specific pharmacological inhibitors has been a huge challenge in the field. Now the research has been strengthened by genetically modified models such as mice lacking expression of T-type voltage gated Ca2+ channels (CaV3.1 and CaV3.2). Hopefully, these new tools will help further elucidate the role of voltage gated T-type Ca2+ channels in autoregulation and vascular function.
|Status||Udgivet - 4 maj 2017|