Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage

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Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies : A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage. / Mosselman, Floris; Weenink, Don; Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkrantz.

I: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, Bind 55, Nr. 1, 01.02.2018, s. 3-26.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Mosselman, F, Weenink, D & Lindegaard, MR 2018, 'Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage', Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, bind 55, nr. 1, s. 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427817706525

APA

Mosselman, F., Weenink, D., & Lindegaard, M. R. (2018). Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 55(1), 3-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427817706525

Vancouver

Mosselman F, Weenink D, Lindegaard MR. Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 2018 feb 1;55(1):3-26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022427817706525

Author

Mosselman, Floris ; Weenink, Don ; Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkrantz. / Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies : A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage. I: Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency. 2018 ; Bind 55, Nr. 1. s. 3-26.

Bibtex

@article{6de565f15ad34f88a29c2ed4601868c2,
title = "Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies: A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage",
abstract = "Objective:A small-scale exploration of the use of video analysis to study robberies. We analyze the use of weapons as part of the body posturing of robbers as they attempt to attain dominance.Methods:Qualitative analyses of video footage of 23 shop robberies. We used Observer XT software (version 12) for fine-grained multimodal coding, capturing diverse bodily behavior by various actors simultaneously. We also constructed story lines to understand the robberies as hermeneutic whole cases.Results:Robbers attain dominance by using weapons that afford aggrandizing posturing and forward movements. Guns rather than knives seemed to fit more easily with such posturing. Also, victims were more likely to show minimizing postures when confronted with guns. Thus, guns, as part of aggrandizing posturing, offer more support to robbers’ claims to dominance in addition to their more lethal power. In the cases where resistance occurred, robbers either expressed insecure body movements or minimizing postures and related weapon usage or they failed to impose a robbery frame as the victims did not seem to comprehend the situation initially.Conclusions:Video analysis opens up a new perspective of how violent crime unfolds as sequences of bodily movements. We provide methodological recommendations and suggest a larger scale comparative project.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, robberies, violent crime, Interactionism, video analysis",
author = "Floris Mosselman and Don Weenink and Lindegaard, {Marie Rosenkrantz}",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0022427817706525",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "3--26",
journal = "Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency",
issn = "0022-4278",
publisher = "SAGE Publications",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weapons, Body Postures, and the Quest for Dominance in Robberies

T2 - A Qualitative Analysis of Video Footage

AU - Mosselman, Floris

AU - Weenink, Don

AU - Lindegaard, Marie Rosenkrantz

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - Objective:A small-scale exploration of the use of video analysis to study robberies. We analyze the use of weapons as part of the body posturing of robbers as they attempt to attain dominance.Methods:Qualitative analyses of video footage of 23 shop robberies. We used Observer XT software (version 12) for fine-grained multimodal coding, capturing diverse bodily behavior by various actors simultaneously. We also constructed story lines to understand the robberies as hermeneutic whole cases.Results:Robbers attain dominance by using weapons that afford aggrandizing posturing and forward movements. Guns rather than knives seemed to fit more easily with such posturing. Also, victims were more likely to show minimizing postures when confronted with guns. Thus, guns, as part of aggrandizing posturing, offer more support to robbers’ claims to dominance in addition to their more lethal power. In the cases where resistance occurred, robbers either expressed insecure body movements or minimizing postures and related weapon usage or they failed to impose a robbery frame as the victims did not seem to comprehend the situation initially.Conclusions:Video analysis opens up a new perspective of how violent crime unfolds as sequences of bodily movements. We provide methodological recommendations and suggest a larger scale comparative project.

AB - Objective:A small-scale exploration of the use of video analysis to study robberies. We analyze the use of weapons as part of the body posturing of robbers as they attempt to attain dominance.Methods:Qualitative analyses of video footage of 23 shop robberies. We used Observer XT software (version 12) for fine-grained multimodal coding, capturing diverse bodily behavior by various actors simultaneously. We also constructed story lines to understand the robberies as hermeneutic whole cases.Results:Robbers attain dominance by using weapons that afford aggrandizing posturing and forward movements. Guns rather than knives seemed to fit more easily with such posturing. Also, victims were more likely to show minimizing postures when confronted with guns. Thus, guns, as part of aggrandizing posturing, offer more support to robbers’ claims to dominance in addition to their more lethal power. In the cases where resistance occurred, robbers either expressed insecure body movements or minimizing postures and related weapon usage or they failed to impose a robbery frame as the victims did not seem to comprehend the situation initially.Conclusions:Video analysis opens up a new perspective of how violent crime unfolds as sequences of bodily movements. We provide methodological recommendations and suggest a larger scale comparative project.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - robberies

KW - violent crime

KW - Interactionism

KW - video analysis

U2 - 10.1177/0022427817706525

DO - 10.1177/0022427817706525

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29416178

VL - 55

SP - 3

EP - 26

JO - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

JF - Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

SN - 0022-4278

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 188645888