Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men

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Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men. / Sundstrup, Emil; Jakobsen, Markus Due; Andersen, Lars Louis; Rostgaard Andersen, Thomas; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard; Helge, Jørn Wulff; Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe; Schmidt, Jakob Friis; Bangsbo, Jens; Krustrup, Peter; Aagaard, Per.

I: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Bind 116, Nr. 6, 2016, s. 1127-1138.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Sundstrup, E, Jakobsen, MD, Andersen, LL, Rostgaard Andersen, T, Randers, MB, Helge, JW, Suetta, CA, Schmidt, JF, Bangsbo, J, Krustrup, P & Aagaard, P 2016, 'Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men', European Journal of Applied Physiology, bind 116, nr. 6, s. 1127-1138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0

APA

Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Andersen, L. L., Rostgaard Andersen, T., Randers, M. B., Helge, J. W., ... Aagaard, P. (2016). Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(6), 1127-1138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0

Vancouver

Sundstrup E, Jakobsen MD, Andersen LL, Rostgaard Andersen T, Randers MB, Helge JW o.a. Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2016;116(6):1127-1138. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0

Author

Sundstrup, Emil ; Jakobsen, Markus Due ; Andersen, Lars Louis ; Rostgaard Andersen, Thomas ; Randers, Morten Bredsgaard ; Helge, Jørn Wulff ; Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe ; Schmidt, Jakob Friis ; Bangsbo, Jens ; Krustrup, Peter ; Aagaard, Per. / Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men. I: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2016 ; Bind 116, Nr. 6. s. 1127-1138.

Bibtex

@article{dfcd9d0bac7a4a57899cd30aa4a22a79,
title = "Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men",
abstract = "PURPOSE: A decline in physical capacity takes place with increasing age that negatively affects overall physical function including work ability and the ability to perform typical activities of daily living (ADL). The overall aim of the present study was to determine the neuromuscular adaptations to long-term (1 year) football and strength training in older untrained adults, and to assess the concurrent effect on functional ADL capacity.METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy elderly males (68.2 ± 3.2 years) were randomly assigned to 12 months of either recreational football training (FT: n = 10), strength training (ST: n = 9) or served as inactive controls (CON: n = 8). Recreational football training consisted of small-sided training sessions whereas strength training consisted of high intensity exercises targeting the lower extremity and upper body. Maximal thigh muscle strength and rate of force development (RFD) were assessed with isokinetic dynamometry, while postural balance and vertical jumping performance were evaluated using force plate analysis. Furthermore, functional ability was evaluated by stair-ascent and chair-rising testing.RESULTS: A total of nine, nine and seven participants from FT, ST and CON, respectively, were included in the analysis. Both exercise regimens led to substantial gains in functional ability, evidenced by 24 and 18 {\%} reduced stair-ascent time, and 32 and 21 {\%} increased chair-rising performance in FT and ST, respectively (all P < 0.05). Long-term strength training led to increased concentric (14 {\%}; P < 0.01) and isometric (23 {\%}; P < 0.001) quadriceps and isometric hamstring strength (44 {\%}; P < 0.0001), whereas football training mainly resulted in enhanced hamstring strength (18 {\%}, P < 0.05) and RFD (89 {\%}, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: Long-term (1 year) strength training led to increased quadriceps and hamstring strength, whereas the adaptations to football training mainly included enhanced strength and rapid force capacity of the hamstring muscles. Gains in functional ability were observed in response to both training regimens, evidenced by reduced stair-ascent time and increased chair-rising performance. Long-term football exercise and strength training both appear to be effective interventional strategies to improve factors of importance for ADL by counteracting the age-related decline in lower limb strength and functional capacity among old male adults. This could potentially be a way to improve work ability of senior workers.",
author = "Emil Sundstrup and Jakobsen, {Markus Due} and Andersen, {Lars Louis} and {Rostgaard Andersen}, Thomas and Randers, {Morten Bredsgaard} and Helge, {J{\o}rn Wulff} and Suetta, {Charlotte Arneboe} and Schmidt, {Jakob Friis} and Jens Bangsbo and Peter Krustrup and Per Aagaard",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 106",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "1127--1138",
journal = "European Journal of Applied Physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Positive effects of 1-year football and strength training on mechanical muscle function and functional capacity in elderly men

AU - Sundstrup, Emil

AU - Jakobsen, Markus Due

AU - Andersen, Lars Louis

AU - Rostgaard Andersen, Thomas

AU - Randers, Morten Bredsgaard

AU - Helge, Jørn Wulff

AU - Suetta, Charlotte Arneboe

AU - Schmidt, Jakob Friis

AU - Bangsbo, Jens

AU - Krustrup, Peter

AU - Aagaard, Per

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 106

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - PURPOSE: A decline in physical capacity takes place with increasing age that negatively affects overall physical function including work ability and the ability to perform typical activities of daily living (ADL). The overall aim of the present study was to determine the neuromuscular adaptations to long-term (1 year) football and strength training in older untrained adults, and to assess the concurrent effect on functional ADL capacity.METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy elderly males (68.2 ± 3.2 years) were randomly assigned to 12 months of either recreational football training (FT: n = 10), strength training (ST: n = 9) or served as inactive controls (CON: n = 8). Recreational football training consisted of small-sided training sessions whereas strength training consisted of high intensity exercises targeting the lower extremity and upper body. Maximal thigh muscle strength and rate of force development (RFD) were assessed with isokinetic dynamometry, while postural balance and vertical jumping performance were evaluated using force plate analysis. Furthermore, functional ability was evaluated by stair-ascent and chair-rising testing.RESULTS: A total of nine, nine and seven participants from FT, ST and CON, respectively, were included in the analysis. Both exercise regimens led to substantial gains in functional ability, evidenced by 24 and 18 % reduced stair-ascent time, and 32 and 21 % increased chair-rising performance in FT and ST, respectively (all P < 0.05). Long-term strength training led to increased concentric (14 %; P < 0.01) and isometric (23 %; P < 0.001) quadriceps and isometric hamstring strength (44 %; P < 0.0001), whereas football training mainly resulted in enhanced hamstring strength (18 %, P < 0.05) and RFD (89 %, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: Long-term (1 year) strength training led to increased quadriceps and hamstring strength, whereas the adaptations to football training mainly included enhanced strength and rapid force capacity of the hamstring muscles. Gains in functional ability were observed in response to both training regimens, evidenced by reduced stair-ascent time and increased chair-rising performance. Long-term football exercise and strength training both appear to be effective interventional strategies to improve factors of importance for ADL by counteracting the age-related decline in lower limb strength and functional capacity among old male adults. This could potentially be a way to improve work ability of senior workers.

AB - PURPOSE: A decline in physical capacity takes place with increasing age that negatively affects overall physical function including work ability and the ability to perform typical activities of daily living (ADL). The overall aim of the present study was to determine the neuromuscular adaptations to long-term (1 year) football and strength training in older untrained adults, and to assess the concurrent effect on functional ADL capacity.METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy elderly males (68.2 ± 3.2 years) were randomly assigned to 12 months of either recreational football training (FT: n = 10), strength training (ST: n = 9) or served as inactive controls (CON: n = 8). Recreational football training consisted of small-sided training sessions whereas strength training consisted of high intensity exercises targeting the lower extremity and upper body. Maximal thigh muscle strength and rate of force development (RFD) were assessed with isokinetic dynamometry, while postural balance and vertical jumping performance were evaluated using force plate analysis. Furthermore, functional ability was evaluated by stair-ascent and chair-rising testing.RESULTS: A total of nine, nine and seven participants from FT, ST and CON, respectively, were included in the analysis. Both exercise regimens led to substantial gains in functional ability, evidenced by 24 and 18 % reduced stair-ascent time, and 32 and 21 % increased chair-rising performance in FT and ST, respectively (all P < 0.05). Long-term strength training led to increased concentric (14 %; P < 0.01) and isometric (23 %; P < 0.001) quadriceps and isometric hamstring strength (44 %; P < 0.0001), whereas football training mainly resulted in enhanced hamstring strength (18 %, P < 0.05) and RFD (89 %, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: Long-term (1 year) strength training led to increased quadriceps and hamstring strength, whereas the adaptations to football training mainly included enhanced strength and rapid force capacity of the hamstring muscles. Gains in functional ability were observed in response to both training regimens, evidenced by reduced stair-ascent time and increased chair-rising performance. Long-term football exercise and strength training both appear to be effective interventional strategies to improve factors of importance for ADL by counteracting the age-related decline in lower limb strength and functional capacity among old male adults. This could potentially be a way to improve work ability of senior workers.

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0

DO - 10.1007/s00421-016-3368-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27068158

VL - 116

SP - 1127

EP - 1138

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 160641892