Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis: A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study

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Standard

Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis : A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study. / Haerskjold, Ann; Stokholm, Lonny; Linder, Marie; Thomsen, Simon Francis; Bergman, Gunnar; Berglind, Ingegärd Anveden; Kieler, Helle; Ravn, Henrik; Stensballe, Lone Graff.

I: Pediatric Drugs, Bind 19, Nr. 2, 04.2017, s. 155-164.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Haerskjold, A, Stokholm, L, Linder, M, Thomsen, SF, Bergman, G, Berglind, IA, Kieler, H, Ravn, H & Stensballe, LG 2017, 'Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis: A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study', Pediatric Drugs, bind 19, nr. 2, s. 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7

APA

Haerskjold, A., Stokholm, L., Linder, M., Thomsen, S. F., Bergman, G., Berglind, I. A., ... Stensballe, L. G. (2017). Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis: A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study. Pediatric Drugs, 19(2), 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7

Vancouver

Haerskjold A, Stokholm L, Linder M, Thomsen SF, Bergman G, Berglind IA o.a. Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis: A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study. Pediatric Drugs. 2017 apr;19(2):155-164. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7

Author

Haerskjold, Ann ; Stokholm, Lonny ; Linder, Marie ; Thomsen, Simon Francis ; Bergman, Gunnar ; Berglind, Ingegärd Anveden ; Kieler, Helle ; Ravn, Henrik ; Stensballe, Lone Graff. / Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis : A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study. I: Pediatric Drugs. 2017 ; Bind 19, Nr. 2. s. 155-164.

Bibtex

@article{d09e9af2039b4adb8bed1670c6a9461a,
title = "Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis: A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study",
abstract = "Background: Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody designed to provide passive immunity against respiratory syncytial virus. It is prescribed to children at high risk for severe infection with respiratory syncytial virus. However, little is known about the risk of the immune-mediated diseases atopic dermatitis, asthma, and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis after palivizumab exposure. Aim: Our objective was to investigate whether exposure to palivizumab was associated with atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in childhood. Methods: This was a cross-national population-based cohort study including data from 769,523 Danish children born 1 January 1999–31 December 2010 and 581,742 Swedish children born 1 July 2005–31 December 2010. Since palivizumab is only indicated for children at the highest risk, sub-cohorts of preterm children, children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and children with hemodynamic significant heart disease were defined. Results: Of the 1,351,265 children included, 1192 (0.09{\%}) were exposed to palivizumab. An increased risk of asthma after palivizumab exposure was observed in the total birth cohort (hazard ratio [HR] 1.49; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI] 1.32–1.68) and in the sub-cohort of preterm children (HR 1.24; 95{\%} CI 1.07–1.44). However, post hoc analyses using the propensity score to balance confounding factors found no increased risk of asthma in preterm children (HR 0.91; 95{\%} CI 0.56–1.48). No increased risks of atopic dermatitis (HR 1.18; 95{\%} CI 0.94–1.48) or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (HR 1.14; 95{\%} CI 0.92–1.42) were observed. Conclusion: Exposure to palivizumab neither increased the risk of atopic disease nor protected against asthma.",
author = "Ann Haerskjold and Lonny Stokholm and Marie Linder and Thomsen, {Simon Francis} and Gunnar Bergman and Berglind, {Ingeg{\"a}rd Anveden} and Helle Kieler and Henrik Ravn and Stensballe, {Lone Graff}",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "155--164",
journal = "Paediatric Drugs",
issn = "1174-5878",
publisher = "Adis International Ltd",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Palivizumab Exposure and the Risk of Atopic Dermatitis, Asthma and Allergic Rhinoconjunctivitis

T2 - A Cross-National, Population-Based Cohort Study

AU - Haerskjold, Ann

AU - Stokholm, Lonny

AU - Linder, Marie

AU - Thomsen, Simon Francis

AU - Bergman, Gunnar

AU - Berglind, Ingegärd Anveden

AU - Kieler, Helle

AU - Ravn, Henrik

AU - Stensballe, Lone Graff

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - Background: Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody designed to provide passive immunity against respiratory syncytial virus. It is prescribed to children at high risk for severe infection with respiratory syncytial virus. However, little is known about the risk of the immune-mediated diseases atopic dermatitis, asthma, and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis after palivizumab exposure. Aim: Our objective was to investigate whether exposure to palivizumab was associated with atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in childhood. Methods: This was a cross-national population-based cohort study including data from 769,523 Danish children born 1 January 1999–31 December 2010 and 581,742 Swedish children born 1 July 2005–31 December 2010. Since palivizumab is only indicated for children at the highest risk, sub-cohorts of preterm children, children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and children with hemodynamic significant heart disease were defined. Results: Of the 1,351,265 children included, 1192 (0.09%) were exposed to palivizumab. An increased risk of asthma after palivizumab exposure was observed in the total birth cohort (hazard ratio [HR] 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32–1.68) and in the sub-cohort of preterm children (HR 1.24; 95% CI 1.07–1.44). However, post hoc analyses using the propensity score to balance confounding factors found no increased risk of asthma in preterm children (HR 0.91; 95% CI 0.56–1.48). No increased risks of atopic dermatitis (HR 1.18; 95% CI 0.94–1.48) or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (HR 1.14; 95% CI 0.92–1.42) were observed. Conclusion: Exposure to palivizumab neither increased the risk of atopic disease nor protected against asthma.

AB - Background: Palivizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody designed to provide passive immunity against respiratory syncytial virus. It is prescribed to children at high risk for severe infection with respiratory syncytial virus. However, little is known about the risk of the immune-mediated diseases atopic dermatitis, asthma, and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis after palivizumab exposure. Aim: Our objective was to investigate whether exposure to palivizumab was associated with atopic dermatitis, asthma, or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis in childhood. Methods: This was a cross-national population-based cohort study including data from 769,523 Danish children born 1 January 1999–31 December 2010 and 581,742 Swedish children born 1 July 2005–31 December 2010. Since palivizumab is only indicated for children at the highest risk, sub-cohorts of preterm children, children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and children with hemodynamic significant heart disease were defined. Results: Of the 1,351,265 children included, 1192 (0.09%) were exposed to palivizumab. An increased risk of asthma after palivizumab exposure was observed in the total birth cohort (hazard ratio [HR] 1.49; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.32–1.68) and in the sub-cohort of preterm children (HR 1.24; 95% CI 1.07–1.44). However, post hoc analyses using the propensity score to balance confounding factors found no increased risk of asthma in preterm children (HR 0.91; 95% CI 0.56–1.48). No increased risks of atopic dermatitis (HR 1.18; 95% CI 0.94–1.48) or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (HR 1.14; 95% CI 0.92–1.42) were observed. Conclusion: Exposure to palivizumab neither increased the risk of atopic disease nor protected against asthma.

U2 - 10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7

DO - 10.1007/s40272-017-0215-7

M3 - Journal article

VL - 19

SP - 155

EP - 164

JO - Paediatric Drugs

JF - Paediatric Drugs

SN - 1174-5878

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 197803514