Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery

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Standard

Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery. / Lund, M. T.; Larsen, S.; Hansen, M.; Courraud, J.; Floyd, A. K.; Støckel, M.; Helge, J. W.; Dela, F.

I: Acta Physiologica, Bind 223, Nr. 1, e13032, 01.05.2018, s. 1-9.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Lund, MT, Larsen, S, Hansen, M, Courraud, J, Floyd, AK, Støckel, M, Helge, JW & Dela, F 2018, 'Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery', Acta Physiologica, bind 223, nr. 1, e13032, s. 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13032

APA

Lund, M. T., Larsen, S., Hansen, M., Courraud, J., Floyd, A. K., Støckel, M., ... Dela, F. (2018). Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery. Acta Physiologica, 223(1), 1-9. [e13032]. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13032

Vancouver

Lund MT, Larsen S, Hansen M, Courraud J, Floyd AK, Støckel M o.a. Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery. Acta Physiologica. 2018 maj 1;223(1):1-9. e13032. https://doi.org/10.1111/apha.13032

Author

Lund, M. T. ; Larsen, S. ; Hansen, M. ; Courraud, J. ; Floyd, A. K. ; Støckel, M. ; Helge, J. W. ; Dela, F. / Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery. I: Acta Physiologica. 2018 ; Bind 223, Nr. 1. s. 1-9.

Bibtex

@article{c94e6aa2f3f44b19845019ccb79a300c,
title = "Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery",
abstract = "Aim: It has been proposed, but not yet demonstrated by convincing evidence in published articles, that insulin resistance and mitochondrial respiratory function are causally related physiological phenomena. Here, we tested the prediction that weight loss–induced increase in insulin sensitivity will correlate with a corresponding change in mitochondrial respiratory capacity over the same time period. Methods: Insulin sensitivity was evaluated using the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp technique, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity was evaluated by high-resolution respirometry in 26 patients with obesity. Each experiment was performed ~2 months and 1-2 weeks before, and ~4 and ~19 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Results: A substantial weight loss was observed in all patients, and insulin sensitivity increased in all patients over the 21-months time period of the study. In contrast, skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity and mitochondrial content remained unchanged over the same time period. Conclusion: Among obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes undergoing RYGB surgery, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity in skeletal muscle is not correlated with insulin sensitivity before or after the surgical intervention. Mitochondrial respiratory function may not be germane to the pathophysiology and/or aetiology of obesity and/or type 2 diabetes.",
keywords = "obesity, skeletal muscle, type 2 diabetes, weight loss",
author = "Lund, {M. T.} and S. Larsen and M. Hansen and J. Courraud and Floyd, {A. K.} and M. St{\o}ckel and Helge, {J. W.} and F. Dela",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/apha.13032",
language = "English",
volume = "223",
pages = "1--9",
journal = "Acta Physiologica (Print)",
issn = "1748-1708",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mitochondrial respiratory capacity remains stable despite a comprehensive and sustained increase in insulin sensitivity in obese patients undergoing gastric bypass surgery

AU - Lund, M. T.

AU - Larsen, S.

AU - Hansen, M.

AU - Courraud, J.

AU - Floyd, A. K.

AU - Støckel, M.

AU - Helge, J. W.

AU - Dela, F.

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Aim: It has been proposed, but not yet demonstrated by convincing evidence in published articles, that insulin resistance and mitochondrial respiratory function are causally related physiological phenomena. Here, we tested the prediction that weight loss–induced increase in insulin sensitivity will correlate with a corresponding change in mitochondrial respiratory capacity over the same time period. Methods: Insulin sensitivity was evaluated using the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp technique, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity was evaluated by high-resolution respirometry in 26 patients with obesity. Each experiment was performed ~2 months and 1-2 weeks before, and ~4 and ~19 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Results: A substantial weight loss was observed in all patients, and insulin sensitivity increased in all patients over the 21-months time period of the study. In contrast, skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity and mitochondrial content remained unchanged over the same time period. Conclusion: Among obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes undergoing RYGB surgery, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity in skeletal muscle is not correlated with insulin sensitivity before or after the surgical intervention. Mitochondrial respiratory function may not be germane to the pathophysiology and/or aetiology of obesity and/or type 2 diabetes.

AB - Aim: It has been proposed, but not yet demonstrated by convincing evidence in published articles, that insulin resistance and mitochondrial respiratory function are causally related physiological phenomena. Here, we tested the prediction that weight loss–induced increase in insulin sensitivity will correlate with a corresponding change in mitochondrial respiratory capacity over the same time period. Methods: Insulin sensitivity was evaluated using the hyperinsulinaemic-euglycaemic clamp technique, and skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity was evaluated by high-resolution respirometry in 26 patients with obesity. Each experiment was performed ~2 months and 1-2 weeks before, and ~4 and ~19 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery. Results: A substantial weight loss was observed in all patients, and insulin sensitivity increased in all patients over the 21-months time period of the study. In contrast, skeletal muscle mitochondrial respiratory capacity, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity and mitochondrial content remained unchanged over the same time period. Conclusion: Among obese patients with and without type 2 diabetes undergoing RYGB surgery, intrinsic mitochondrial respiratory capacity in skeletal muscle is not correlated with insulin sensitivity before or after the surgical intervention. Mitochondrial respiratory function may not be germane to the pathophysiology and/or aetiology of obesity and/or type 2 diabetes.

KW - obesity

KW - skeletal muscle

KW - type 2 diabetes

KW - weight loss

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041847912&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/apha.13032

DO - 10.1111/apha.13032

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29330917

AN - SCOPUS:85041847912

VL - 223

SP - 1

EP - 9

JO - Acta Physiologica (Print)

JF - Acta Physiologica (Print)

SN - 1748-1708

IS - 1

M1 - e13032

ER -

ID: 203979505