LEAP2 is associated with cardiometabolic markers but is unchanged by antidiabetic treatment in people with prediabetes

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To examine whether fasting plasma liver-expressed antimicrobial peptide 2 (FP-LEAP2) is associated with markers of cardiometabolic disease susceptibility in a cohort with prediabetes and overweight/obesity and whether antidiabetic interventions affect FP-LEAP2 levels. The analysis included 115 individuals with prediabetes [hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 39-47 mmol/mol, 5.7%-6.4%] and overweight/obesity [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 25 kg/m2] from a randomized controlled trial. Changes in FP-LEAP2 levels were assessed in relation to treatment with dapagliflozin (10 mg once daily), metformin (1,700 mg daily), or interval-based exercise (5 days/wk, 30 min/session) compared with control (habitual lifestyle) after 6 and 13 wk of treatment. FP-LEAP2 levels were positively associated with [standardized beta coefficient (95% CI)]: BMI 0.22 (0.03:0.41), P = 0.027; body weight 0.27 (0.06:0.48), P = 0.013; fat mass 0.2 (0.00:0.4), P = 0.048; lean mass 0.47 (0.13:0.8), P = 0.008; HbA1c 0.35 (0.17:0.53), P < 0.001; fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 0.32 (0.12:0.51), P = 0.001; fasting serum insulin 0.28 (0.09:0.47), P = 0.005; total cholesterol 0.19 (0.01:0.38), P = 0.043; triglycerides 0.31 (0.13:0.5), P < 0.001; and transaminases and fatty liver index (standardized beta coefficients 0.23-0.32), all P < 0.020. FP-LEAP2 levels were inversely associated with insulin sensitivity [-0.22 (-0.41: -0.03), P = 0.022] and kidney function [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) -0.34 (-0.56: -0.12), P = 0.003]. FP-LEAP2 levels were not associated with fat distribution or body fat percentage, fasting glucagon, postload glucose, β-cell function, or low-density lipoprotein. The interventions were not associated with changes in FP-LEAP2. FP-LEAP2 is associated with body mass, impaired insulin sensitivity, liver-specific enzymes, and kidney function. The findings highlight the importance of studying LEAP2 in obesity, type 2 diabetes, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. FP-LEAP2 was not affected by metformin, dapaglifloxin, or exercise in this population.NEW & NOTEWORTHY LEAP2, primarily secreted by the liver, increases with greater body mass, insulin resistance, and liver-specific enzymes in individuals with prediabetes and overweight or obesity. Fasting glucose, body mass, and alanine aminotransferase independently predict LEAP2 levels. LEAP2 is inversely linked to impaired kidney function. Elevated LEAP2 levels might indicate an increased metabolic risk, warranting further investigation into its potential involvement in glucose and body weight control.

TidsskriftAmerican journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism
Udgave nummer3
Sider (fra-til)E244-E251
StatusUdgivet - 2023

ID: 366652723