High-performance liquid chromatography of rat and mouse islet polypeptides: potential risk of oxidation of methionine residues during sample preparation

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After preparative high-performance liquid chromatography of mouse islet culture medium, concentrated on disposable C18 cartridges (Sep-Pak), an unexpected insulin immunoreactive peak eluting earlier than mouse insulin I and II was detected. Molecular mass determination by mass spectrometry supported its suspected identity as methionine sulphoxide insulin II. We have examined the formation of Met-O derivatives of insulin II, glucagon and pancreatic polypeptide during sample preparation (Sep-Pak and Speed-Vac concentrating). The oxidation of methionine residues was found to depend very much on the buffer, the organic modifier and the procedure. In particular the use of methanol-trifluoroacetic acid resulted in extensive oxidation. The oxidation could be minimized by adding 2 mM dithiothreitol to the buffer and by degassing and/or nitrogen-bubbling of the buffer. Minimal formation of Met-O derivatives is important for the quantitation of methionine-containing polypeptides.
TidsskriftJournal of Chromatography A
Udgave nummer1
Sider (fra-til)29-37
Antal sider9
StatusUdgivet - 24 aug. 1990

ID: 47974007