Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonism or DPP-4 inhibition does not accelerate neoplasia in carcinogen treated mice
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Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2) are secreted in parallel from the intestinal endocrine cells after nutrient intake. GLP-1 is an incretin hormone and analogues are available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). GLP-2 is an intestinal growth hormone and is shown to promote growth of colonic adenomas in carcinogen treated mice. Both peptides are degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) into inactive metabolites. DPP-4 inhibitors are therefore also in use for treatment of T2DM. It is possible that DPP-4 inhibition by enhancing the exposure of endogenous GLP-2 to the intestinal epithelia also might mediate growth and promote neoplasia. We investigated the intestinal growth effect of the GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) (liraglutide and exenatide) and DPP-4 inhibition (sitagliptin) in healthy mice. We also investigated the potential tumour promoting effect of liraglutide and sitaglitin in the colon of carcinogen treated mice. We used GLP-2 as a positive control.
|Status||Udgivet - 10 nov. 2012|