Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis

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Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis. / Winther-Sørensen, Marie; Galsgaard, Katrine D.; Santos, Alberto; Trammell, Samuel A.J.; Sulek, Karolina; Kuhre, Rune E.; Pedersen, Jens; Andersen, Daniel B.; Hassing, Anna S.; Dall, Morten; Treebak, Jonas T.; Gillum, Matthew P.; Torekov, Signe S.; Windeløv, Johanne A.; Hunt, Jenna E.; Kjeldsen, Sasha A.S.; Jepsen, Sara L.; Vasilopoulou, Catherine G.; Knop, Filip K.; Ørskov, Cathrine; Werge, Mikkel P.; Bisgaard, Hanne Cathrine; Eriksen, Peter Lykke; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Gluud, Lise Lotte; Holst, Jens J.; Wewer Albrechtsen, Nicolai J.

I: Molecular Metabolism, Bind 42, 101080, 2020.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Winther-Sørensen, M, Galsgaard, KD, Santos, A, Trammell, SAJ, Sulek, K, Kuhre, RE, Pedersen, J, Andersen, DB, Hassing, AS, Dall, M, Treebak, JT, Gillum, MP, Torekov, SS, Windeløv, JA, Hunt, JE, Kjeldsen, SAS, Jepsen, SL, Vasilopoulou, CG, Knop, FK, Ørskov, C, Werge, MP, Bisgaard, HC, Eriksen, PL, Vilstrup, H, Gluud, LL, Holst, JJ & Wewer Albrechtsen, NJ 2020, 'Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis', Molecular Metabolism, bind 42, 101080. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080

APA

Winther-Sørensen, M., Galsgaard, K. D., Santos, A., Trammell, S. A. J., Sulek, K., Kuhre, R. E., ... Wewer Albrechtsen, N. J. (2020). Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis. Molecular Metabolism, 42, [101080]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080

Vancouver

Winther-Sørensen M, Galsgaard KD, Santos A, Trammell SAJ, Sulek K, Kuhre RE o.a. Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis. Molecular Metabolism. 2020;42. 101080. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080

Author

Winther-Sørensen, Marie ; Galsgaard, Katrine D. ; Santos, Alberto ; Trammell, Samuel A.J. ; Sulek, Karolina ; Kuhre, Rune E. ; Pedersen, Jens ; Andersen, Daniel B. ; Hassing, Anna S. ; Dall, Morten ; Treebak, Jonas T. ; Gillum, Matthew P. ; Torekov, Signe S. ; Windeløv, Johanne A. ; Hunt, Jenna E. ; Kjeldsen, Sasha A.S. ; Jepsen, Sara L. ; Vasilopoulou, Catherine G. ; Knop, Filip K. ; Ørskov, Cathrine ; Werge, Mikkel P. ; Bisgaard, Hanne Cathrine ; Eriksen, Peter Lykke ; Vilstrup, Hendrik ; Gluud, Lise Lotte ; Holst, Jens J. ; Wewer Albrechtsen, Nicolai J. / Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis. I: Molecular Metabolism. 2020 ; Bind 42.

Bibtex

@article{a3aa669a5ae6452c899c8bd9411cbea4,
title = "Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis",
abstract = "Objective: Glucagon is well known to regulate blood glucose but may be equally important for amino acid metabolism. Plasma levels of amino acids are regulated by glucagon-dependent mechanism(s), while amino acids stimulate glucagon secretion from alpha cells, completing the recently described liver-alpha cell axis. The mechanisms underlying the cycle and the possible impact of hepatic steatosis are unclear. Methods: We assessed amino acid clearance in vivo in mice treated with a glucagon receptor antagonist (GRA), transgenic mice with 95{\%} reduction in alpha cells, and mice with hepatic steatosis. In addition, we evaluated urea formation in primary hepatocytes from ob/ob mice and humans, and we studied acute metabolic effects of glucagon in perfused rat livers. We also performed RNA sequencing on livers from glucagon receptor knock-out mice and mice with hepatic steatosis. Finally, we measured individual plasma amino acids and glucagon in healthy controls and in two independent cohorts of patients with biopsy-verified non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Results: Amino acid clearance was reduced in mice treated with GRA and mice lacking endogenous glucagon (loss of alpha cells) concomitantly with reduced production of urea. Glucagon administration markedly changed the secretion of rat liver metabolites and within minutes increased urea formation in mice, in perfused rat liver, and in primary human hepatocytes. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that three genes responsible for amino acid catabolism (Cps1, Slc7a2, and Slc38a2) were downregulated both in mice with hepatic steatosis and in mice with deletion of the glucagon receptor. Cultured ob/ob hepatocytes produced less urea upon stimulation with mixed amino acids, and amino acid clearance was lower in mice with hepatic steatosis. Glucagon-induced ureagenesis was impaired in perfused rat livers with hepatic steatosis. Patients with NAFLD had hyperglucagonemia and increased levels of glucagonotropic amino acids, including alanine in particular. Both glucagon and alanine levels were reduced after diet-induced reduction in Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR, a marker of hepatic steatosis). Conclusions: Glucagon regulates amino acid metabolism both non-transcriptionally and transcriptionally. Hepatic steatosis may impair glucagon-dependent enhancement of amino acid catabolism.",
keywords = "Amino acids, Glucagon, Liver-alpha cell axis, Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease",
author = "Marie Winther-S{\o}rensen and Galsgaard, {Katrine D.} and Alberto Santos and Trammell, {Samuel A.J.} and Karolina Sulek and Kuhre, {Rune E.} and Jens Pedersen and Andersen, {Daniel B.} and Hassing, {Anna S.} and Morten Dall and Treebak, {Jonas T.} and Gillum, {Matthew P.} and Torekov, {Signe S.} and Windel{\o}v, {Johanne A.} and Hunt, {Jenna E.} and Kjeldsen, {Sasha A.S.} and Jepsen, {Sara L.} and Vasilopoulou, {Catherine G.} and Knop, {Filip K.} and Cathrine {\O}rskov and Werge, {Mikkel P.} and Bisgaard, {Hanne Cathrine} and Eriksen, {Peter Lykke} and Hendrik Vilstrup and Gluud, {Lise Lotte} and Holst, {Jens J.} and {Wewer Albrechtsen}, {Nicolai J.}",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
journal = "Molecular Metabolism",
issn = "2212-8778",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Glucagon acutely regulates hepatic amino acid catabolism and the effect may be disturbed by steatosis

AU - Winther-Sørensen, Marie

AU - Galsgaard, Katrine D.

AU - Santos, Alberto

AU - Trammell, Samuel A.J.

AU - Sulek, Karolina

AU - Kuhre, Rune E.

AU - Pedersen, Jens

AU - Andersen, Daniel B.

AU - Hassing, Anna S.

AU - Dall, Morten

AU - Treebak, Jonas T.

AU - Gillum, Matthew P.

AU - Torekov, Signe S.

AU - Windeløv, Johanne A.

AU - Hunt, Jenna E.

AU - Kjeldsen, Sasha A.S.

AU - Jepsen, Sara L.

AU - Vasilopoulou, Catherine G.

AU - Knop, Filip K.

AU - Ørskov, Cathrine

AU - Werge, Mikkel P.

AU - Bisgaard, Hanne Cathrine

AU - Eriksen, Peter Lykke

AU - Vilstrup, Hendrik

AU - Gluud, Lise Lotte

AU - Holst, Jens J.

AU - Wewer Albrechtsen, Nicolai J.

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Objective: Glucagon is well known to regulate blood glucose but may be equally important for amino acid metabolism. Plasma levels of amino acids are regulated by glucagon-dependent mechanism(s), while amino acids stimulate glucagon secretion from alpha cells, completing the recently described liver-alpha cell axis. The mechanisms underlying the cycle and the possible impact of hepatic steatosis are unclear. Methods: We assessed amino acid clearance in vivo in mice treated with a glucagon receptor antagonist (GRA), transgenic mice with 95% reduction in alpha cells, and mice with hepatic steatosis. In addition, we evaluated urea formation in primary hepatocytes from ob/ob mice and humans, and we studied acute metabolic effects of glucagon in perfused rat livers. We also performed RNA sequencing on livers from glucagon receptor knock-out mice and mice with hepatic steatosis. Finally, we measured individual plasma amino acids and glucagon in healthy controls and in two independent cohorts of patients with biopsy-verified non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Results: Amino acid clearance was reduced in mice treated with GRA and mice lacking endogenous glucagon (loss of alpha cells) concomitantly with reduced production of urea. Glucagon administration markedly changed the secretion of rat liver metabolites and within minutes increased urea formation in mice, in perfused rat liver, and in primary human hepatocytes. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that three genes responsible for amino acid catabolism (Cps1, Slc7a2, and Slc38a2) were downregulated both in mice with hepatic steatosis and in mice with deletion of the glucagon receptor. Cultured ob/ob hepatocytes produced less urea upon stimulation with mixed amino acids, and amino acid clearance was lower in mice with hepatic steatosis. Glucagon-induced ureagenesis was impaired in perfused rat livers with hepatic steatosis. Patients with NAFLD had hyperglucagonemia and increased levels of glucagonotropic amino acids, including alanine in particular. Both glucagon and alanine levels were reduced after diet-induced reduction in Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR, a marker of hepatic steatosis). Conclusions: Glucagon regulates amino acid metabolism both non-transcriptionally and transcriptionally. Hepatic steatosis may impair glucagon-dependent enhancement of amino acid catabolism.

AB - Objective: Glucagon is well known to regulate blood glucose but may be equally important for amino acid metabolism. Plasma levels of amino acids are regulated by glucagon-dependent mechanism(s), while amino acids stimulate glucagon secretion from alpha cells, completing the recently described liver-alpha cell axis. The mechanisms underlying the cycle and the possible impact of hepatic steatosis are unclear. Methods: We assessed amino acid clearance in vivo in mice treated with a glucagon receptor antagonist (GRA), transgenic mice with 95% reduction in alpha cells, and mice with hepatic steatosis. In addition, we evaluated urea formation in primary hepatocytes from ob/ob mice and humans, and we studied acute metabolic effects of glucagon in perfused rat livers. We also performed RNA sequencing on livers from glucagon receptor knock-out mice and mice with hepatic steatosis. Finally, we measured individual plasma amino acids and glucagon in healthy controls and in two independent cohorts of patients with biopsy-verified non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Results: Amino acid clearance was reduced in mice treated with GRA and mice lacking endogenous glucagon (loss of alpha cells) concomitantly with reduced production of urea. Glucagon administration markedly changed the secretion of rat liver metabolites and within minutes increased urea formation in mice, in perfused rat liver, and in primary human hepatocytes. Transcriptomic analyses revealed that three genes responsible for amino acid catabolism (Cps1, Slc7a2, and Slc38a2) were downregulated both in mice with hepatic steatosis and in mice with deletion of the glucagon receptor. Cultured ob/ob hepatocytes produced less urea upon stimulation with mixed amino acids, and amino acid clearance was lower in mice with hepatic steatosis. Glucagon-induced ureagenesis was impaired in perfused rat livers with hepatic steatosis. Patients with NAFLD had hyperglucagonemia and increased levels of glucagonotropic amino acids, including alanine in particular. Both glucagon and alanine levels were reduced after diet-induced reduction in Homeostatic Model Assessment for Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR, a marker of hepatic steatosis). Conclusions: Glucagon regulates amino acid metabolism both non-transcriptionally and transcriptionally. Hepatic steatosis may impair glucagon-dependent enhancement of amino acid catabolism.

KW - Amino acids

KW - Glucagon

KW - Liver-alpha cell axis

KW - Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

U2 - 10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080

DO - 10.1016/j.molmet.2020.101080

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32937194

AN - SCOPUS:85092154036

VL - 42

JO - Molecular Metabolism

JF - Molecular Metabolism

SN - 2212-8778

M1 - 101080

ER -

ID: 250256155