Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Standard

Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease. / Akawi, Nadia; Checa, Antonio; Antonopoulos, Alexios S.; Akoumianakis, Ioannis; Daskalaki, Evangelia; Kotanidis, Christos P.; Kondo, Hidekazu; Lee, Kirsten; Yesilyurt, Dilan; Badi, Ileana; Polkinghorne, Murray; Akbar, Naveed; Lundgren, Julie; Chuaiphichai, Surawee; Choudhury, Robin; Neubauer, Stefan; Channon, Keith M.; Torekov, Signe S.; Wheelock, Craig E.; Antoniades, Charalambos.

I: American College of Cardiology. Symposia, Bind 77, Nr. 20, 2021, s. 2494-2513.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Akawi, N, Checa, A, Antonopoulos, AS, Akoumianakis, I, Daskalaki, E, Kotanidis, CP, Kondo, H, Lee, K, Yesilyurt, D, Badi, I, Polkinghorne, M, Akbar, N, Lundgren, J, Chuaiphichai, S, Choudhury, R, Neubauer, S, Channon, KM, Torekov, SS, Wheelock, CE & Antoniades, C 2021, 'Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease', American College of Cardiology. Symposia, bind 77, nr. 20, s. 2494-2513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314

APA

Akawi, N., Checa, A., Antonopoulos, A. S., Akoumianakis, I., Daskalaki, E., Kotanidis, C. P., Kondo, H., Lee, K., Yesilyurt, D., Badi, I., Polkinghorne, M., Akbar, N., Lundgren, J., Chuaiphichai, S., Choudhury, R., Neubauer, S., Channon, K. M., Torekov, S. S., Wheelock, C. E., & Antoniades, C. (2021). Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease. American College of Cardiology. Symposia, 77(20), 2494-2513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314

Vancouver

Akawi N, Checa A, Antonopoulos AS, Akoumianakis I, Daskalaki E, Kotanidis CP o.a. Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease. American College of Cardiology. Symposia. 2021;77(20):2494-2513. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314

Author

Akawi, Nadia ; Checa, Antonio ; Antonopoulos, Alexios S. ; Akoumianakis, Ioannis ; Daskalaki, Evangelia ; Kotanidis, Christos P. ; Kondo, Hidekazu ; Lee, Kirsten ; Yesilyurt, Dilan ; Badi, Ileana ; Polkinghorne, Murray ; Akbar, Naveed ; Lundgren, Julie ; Chuaiphichai, Surawee ; Choudhury, Robin ; Neubauer, Stefan ; Channon, Keith M. ; Torekov, Signe S. ; Wheelock, Craig E. ; Antoniades, Charalambos. / Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease. I: American College of Cardiology. Symposia. 2021 ; Bind 77, Nr. 20. s. 2494-2513.

Bibtex

@article{1cae7bc8c7d54b5b9dc04f84d312476a,
title = "Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease",
abstract = "BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; however, the potential role of dysregulations in the adipose tissue (AT) metabolome is unknown.OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the role of dysregulation in the AT metabolome on vascular redox signaling and cardiovascular outcomes.METHODS A screen was conducted for metabolites differentially secreted by thoracic AT (ThAT) and subcutaneous AT in obese patients with atherosclerosis (n = 48), and these metabolites were then linked with dysregulated vascular redox signaling in 633 patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. The underlying mechanisms were explored in human aortic endothelial cells, and their clinical value was tested against hard clinical endpoints.RESULTS Because ThAT volume was associated significantly with arterial oxidative stress, there were significant differences in sphingolipid secretion between ThAT and subcutaneous AT, with C16:0-ceramide and derivatives being the most abundant species released within adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicles. High ThAT sphingolipid secretion was significantly associated with reduced endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability and increased superoxide generated in human vessels. Circulating C16:0-ceramide correlated positively with ThAT ceramides, dysregulated vascular redox signaling, and increased systemic inflammation in 633 patients with atherosclerosis. Exogenous C16:0-ceramide directly increased superoxide via tetrahydrobiopterin-mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase uncoupling and dysregulated protein phosphatase 2 in human aortic endothelial cells. High plasma C16:0-ceramide and its glycosylated derivative were independently related with increased risk for cardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratios: 1.394; 95% confidence interval: 1.030 to 1.886; p = 0.031 for C16:0-ceramide and 1.595; 95% confidence interval: 1.042 to 2.442; p = 0.032 for C16:0glycosylceramide per 1 SD). In a randomized controlled clinical trial, 1-year treatment of obese patients with the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide suppressed plasma C16:0-ceramide and C16:0-glycosylceramide changes compared with control subjects.CONCLUSIONS These results demonstrate for the first time in humans that AT-derived ceramides are modifiable regulators of vascular redox state in obesity, with a direct impact on cardiac mortality in advanced atherosclerosis. ",
keywords = "C16, 0-ceramide, cardiovascular disease, metabolomics, sphingolipids, vascular redox state, adipose tissue",
author = "Nadia Akawi and Antonio Checa and Antonopoulos, {Alexios S.} and Ioannis Akoumianakis and Evangelia Daskalaki and Kotanidis, {Christos P.} and Hidekazu Kondo and Kirsten Lee and Dilan Yesilyurt and Ileana Badi and Murray Polkinghorne and Naveed Akbar and Julie Lundgren and Surawee Chuaiphichai and Robin Choudhury and Stefan Neubauer and Channon, {Keith M.} and Torekov, {Signe S.} and Wheelock, {Craig E.} and Charalambos Antoniades",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
pages = "2494--2513",
journal = "American College of Cardiology. Symposia",
issn = "0735-1097",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "20",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fat-Secreted Ceramides Regulate Vascular Redox State and Influence Outcomes in Patients With Cardiovascular Disease

AU - Akawi, Nadia

AU - Checa, Antonio

AU - Antonopoulos, Alexios S.

AU - Akoumianakis, Ioannis

AU - Daskalaki, Evangelia

AU - Kotanidis, Christos P.

AU - Kondo, Hidekazu

AU - Lee, Kirsten

AU - Yesilyurt, Dilan

AU - Badi, Ileana

AU - Polkinghorne, Murray

AU - Akbar, Naveed

AU - Lundgren, Julie

AU - Chuaiphichai, Surawee

AU - Choudhury, Robin

AU - Neubauer, Stefan

AU - Channon, Keith M.

AU - Torekov, Signe S.

AU - Wheelock, Craig E.

AU - Antoniades, Charalambos

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; however, the potential role of dysregulations in the adipose tissue (AT) metabolome is unknown.OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the role of dysregulation in the AT metabolome on vascular redox signaling and cardiovascular outcomes.METHODS A screen was conducted for metabolites differentially secreted by thoracic AT (ThAT) and subcutaneous AT in obese patients with atherosclerosis (n = 48), and these metabolites were then linked with dysregulated vascular redox signaling in 633 patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. The underlying mechanisms were explored in human aortic endothelial cells, and their clinical value was tested against hard clinical endpoints.RESULTS Because ThAT volume was associated significantly with arterial oxidative stress, there were significant differences in sphingolipid secretion between ThAT and subcutaneous AT, with C16:0-ceramide and derivatives being the most abundant species released within adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicles. High ThAT sphingolipid secretion was significantly associated with reduced endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability and increased superoxide generated in human vessels. Circulating C16:0-ceramide correlated positively with ThAT ceramides, dysregulated vascular redox signaling, and increased systemic inflammation in 633 patients with atherosclerosis. Exogenous C16:0-ceramide directly increased superoxide via tetrahydrobiopterin-mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase uncoupling and dysregulated protein phosphatase 2 in human aortic endothelial cells. High plasma C16:0-ceramide and its glycosylated derivative were independently related with increased risk for cardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratios: 1.394; 95% confidence interval: 1.030 to 1.886; p = 0.031 for C16:0-ceramide and 1.595; 95% confidence interval: 1.042 to 2.442; p = 0.032 for C16:0glycosylceramide per 1 SD). In a randomized controlled clinical trial, 1-year treatment of obese patients with the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide suppressed plasma C16:0-ceramide and C16:0-glycosylceramide changes compared with control subjects.CONCLUSIONS These results demonstrate for the first time in humans that AT-derived ceramides are modifiable regulators of vascular redox state in obesity, with a direct impact on cardiac mortality in advanced atherosclerosis.

AB - BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased cardiovascular risk; however, the potential role of dysregulations in the adipose tissue (AT) metabolome is unknown.OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to explore the role of dysregulation in the AT metabolome on vascular redox signaling and cardiovascular outcomes.METHODS A screen was conducted for metabolites differentially secreted by thoracic AT (ThAT) and subcutaneous AT in obese patients with atherosclerosis (n = 48), and these metabolites were then linked with dysregulated vascular redox signaling in 633 patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. The underlying mechanisms were explored in human aortic endothelial cells, and their clinical value was tested against hard clinical endpoints.RESULTS Because ThAT volume was associated significantly with arterial oxidative stress, there were significant differences in sphingolipid secretion between ThAT and subcutaneous AT, with C16:0-ceramide and derivatives being the most abundant species released within adipocyte-derived extracellular vesicles. High ThAT sphingolipid secretion was significantly associated with reduced endothelial nitric oxide bioavailability and increased superoxide generated in human vessels. Circulating C16:0-ceramide correlated positively with ThAT ceramides, dysregulated vascular redox signaling, and increased systemic inflammation in 633 patients with atherosclerosis. Exogenous C16:0-ceramide directly increased superoxide via tetrahydrobiopterin-mediated endothelial nitric oxide synthase uncoupling and dysregulated protein phosphatase 2 in human aortic endothelial cells. High plasma C16:0-ceramide and its glycosylated derivative were independently related with increased risk for cardiac mortality (adjusted hazard ratios: 1.394; 95% confidence interval: 1.030 to 1.886; p = 0.031 for C16:0-ceramide and 1.595; 95% confidence interval: 1.042 to 2.442; p = 0.032 for C16:0glycosylceramide per 1 SD). In a randomized controlled clinical trial, 1-year treatment of obese patients with the glucagon-like peptide-1 analog liraglutide suppressed plasma C16:0-ceramide and C16:0-glycosylceramide changes compared with control subjects.CONCLUSIONS These results demonstrate for the first time in humans that AT-derived ceramides are modifiable regulators of vascular redox state in obesity, with a direct impact on cardiac mortality in advanced atherosclerosis.

KW - C16

KW - 0-ceramide

KW - cardiovascular disease

KW - metabolomics

KW - sphingolipids

KW - vascular redox state

KW - adipose tissue

U2 - 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314

DO - 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.03.314

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 34016263

VL - 77

SP - 2494

EP - 2513

JO - American College of Cardiology. Symposia

JF - American College of Cardiology. Symposia

SN - 0735-1097

IS - 20

ER -

ID: 270548891