Electric field gradients in Hg compounds: molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods

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Electric field gradients in Hg compounds : molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods. / Arcisauskaité, Vaida; Knecht, Stefan; Sauer, Stephan P. A.; Hemmingsen, Lars Bo Stegeager.

I: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Bind 14, Nr. 46, 2012, s. 16070-16079.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Arcisauskaité, V, Knecht, S, Sauer, SPA & Hemmingsen, LBS 2012, 'Electric field gradients in Hg compounds: molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods', Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, bind 14, nr. 46, s. 16070-16079. https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP42291C

APA

Arcisauskaité, V., Knecht, S., Sauer, S. P. A., & Hemmingsen, L. B. S. (2012). Electric field gradients in Hg compounds: molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(46), 16070-16079. https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP42291C

Vancouver

Arcisauskaité V, Knecht S, Sauer SPA, Hemmingsen LBS. Electric field gradients in Hg compounds: molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2012;14(46):16070-16079. https://doi.org/10.1039/C2CP42291C

Author

Arcisauskaité, Vaida ; Knecht, Stefan ; Sauer, Stephan P. A. ; Hemmingsen, Lars Bo Stegeager. / Electric field gradients in Hg compounds : molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods. I: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2012 ; Bind 14, Nr. 46. s. 16070-16079.

Bibtex

@article{9c251f53bb374a6086ad12074c7f8fc9,
title = "Electric field gradients in Hg compounds: molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods",
abstract = "We examine the performance of Density Functional Theory (DFT) approaches based on the Zeroth-Order Regular Approximation (ZORA) Hamiltonian (with and without inclusion of spinorbit coupling) for predictions of electric ¿eld gradients (EFGs) at the heavy atom Hg nucleus. This is achieved by comparing with benchmark DFT and CCSD-T data (Arcisauskaite et al., PCCP, 14, 2651-2657 (2012)) obtained from 4-component Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian calculations. The investigated set of molecules comprises linear HgL2 (L = Cl, Br, I, CH3) and bent HgCl2 mercury compounds as well as the trigonal planar [HgCl3]- system. ZORA-4 reproduces the fully relativistic 4-component DFT reference values within 6{\%} for all studied Hg compounds and employed functionals (BH&H, BP86, PBE0), whereas scalar relativistic (SR)-ZORA-4 results show deviations of up to 15{\%}. Compared to our 4-component CCSD-T benchmark the BH&H functional performs best at both 4-component and ZORA levels. We furthermore observe that changes in the largest component of the diagonalised EFG tensor, Vzz, of linear HgCl2 show a slightly stronger dependence than the r-3 scaling upon bond length r(Hg-Cl) alterations. The 4-component/BH&H Vzz value of -9.26 a.u. for a bent HgCl2 (¿ Cl-Hg-Cl = 120¿) is close to -9.60 a.u. obtained for the linear HgCl2 structure. Thus a point charge model for EFG calculations completely fails in this case. By means of a projection analysis of molecular orbital (MO) contributions to Vzz in terms of the atomic constituents, we conclude that this is due to the increased importance of the Hg 5d orbitals to Vzz upon bending HgCl2 compared to the linear HgCl2 structure. Changing ligand leads to only minor changes in Vzz (from -9.60 a.u. (HgCl2) to -8.85 a.u. (HgI2) at the 4-component/BH&H level). This appears to be due to cancellation of contributions with opposite signs to Vzz arising from: (i) increasing electron donation from occupied ligand orbitals to the formally empty Hg 6p orbitals and (ii) an increasing bond length and a decreasing negative charge on the ligand along the series.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, electric field gradient, Mercury, Quantum Chemistry, Computational Chemistry, Relativity, Former LIFE faculty",
author = "Vaida Arcisauskait{\'e} and Stefan Knecht and Sauer, {Stephan P. A.} and Hemmingsen, {Lars Bo Stegeager}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1039/C2CP42291C",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "16070--16079",
journal = "Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics",
issn = "1463-9076",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry",
number = "46",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electric field gradients in Hg compounds

T2 - molecular orbital (MO) analysis and comparison of four-component and two-component (ZORA) methods

AU - Arcisauskaité, Vaida

AU - Knecht, Stefan

AU - Sauer, Stephan P. A.

AU - Hemmingsen, Lars Bo Stegeager

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We examine the performance of Density Functional Theory (DFT) approaches based on the Zeroth-Order Regular Approximation (ZORA) Hamiltonian (with and without inclusion of spinorbit coupling) for predictions of electric ¿eld gradients (EFGs) at the heavy atom Hg nucleus. This is achieved by comparing with benchmark DFT and CCSD-T data (Arcisauskaite et al., PCCP, 14, 2651-2657 (2012)) obtained from 4-component Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian calculations. The investigated set of molecules comprises linear HgL2 (L = Cl, Br, I, CH3) and bent HgCl2 mercury compounds as well as the trigonal planar [HgCl3]- system. ZORA-4 reproduces the fully relativistic 4-component DFT reference values within 6% for all studied Hg compounds and employed functionals (BH&H, BP86, PBE0), whereas scalar relativistic (SR)-ZORA-4 results show deviations of up to 15%. Compared to our 4-component CCSD-T benchmark the BH&H functional performs best at both 4-component and ZORA levels. We furthermore observe that changes in the largest component of the diagonalised EFG tensor, Vzz, of linear HgCl2 show a slightly stronger dependence than the r-3 scaling upon bond length r(Hg-Cl) alterations. The 4-component/BH&H Vzz value of -9.26 a.u. for a bent HgCl2 (¿ Cl-Hg-Cl = 120¿) is close to -9.60 a.u. obtained for the linear HgCl2 structure. Thus a point charge model for EFG calculations completely fails in this case. By means of a projection analysis of molecular orbital (MO) contributions to Vzz in terms of the atomic constituents, we conclude that this is due to the increased importance of the Hg 5d orbitals to Vzz upon bending HgCl2 compared to the linear HgCl2 structure. Changing ligand leads to only minor changes in Vzz (from -9.60 a.u. (HgCl2) to -8.85 a.u. (HgI2) at the 4-component/BH&H level). This appears to be due to cancellation of contributions with opposite signs to Vzz arising from: (i) increasing electron donation from occupied ligand orbitals to the formally empty Hg 6p orbitals and (ii) an increasing bond length and a decreasing negative charge on the ligand along the series.

AB - We examine the performance of Density Functional Theory (DFT) approaches based on the Zeroth-Order Regular Approximation (ZORA) Hamiltonian (with and without inclusion of spinorbit coupling) for predictions of electric ¿eld gradients (EFGs) at the heavy atom Hg nucleus. This is achieved by comparing with benchmark DFT and CCSD-T data (Arcisauskaite et al., PCCP, 14, 2651-2657 (2012)) obtained from 4-component Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian calculations. The investigated set of molecules comprises linear HgL2 (L = Cl, Br, I, CH3) and bent HgCl2 mercury compounds as well as the trigonal planar [HgCl3]- system. ZORA-4 reproduces the fully relativistic 4-component DFT reference values within 6% for all studied Hg compounds and employed functionals (BH&H, BP86, PBE0), whereas scalar relativistic (SR)-ZORA-4 results show deviations of up to 15%. Compared to our 4-component CCSD-T benchmark the BH&H functional performs best at both 4-component and ZORA levels. We furthermore observe that changes in the largest component of the diagonalised EFG tensor, Vzz, of linear HgCl2 show a slightly stronger dependence than the r-3 scaling upon bond length r(Hg-Cl) alterations. The 4-component/BH&H Vzz value of -9.26 a.u. for a bent HgCl2 (¿ Cl-Hg-Cl = 120¿) is close to -9.60 a.u. obtained for the linear HgCl2 structure. Thus a point charge model for EFG calculations completely fails in this case. By means of a projection analysis of molecular orbital (MO) contributions to Vzz in terms of the atomic constituents, we conclude that this is due to the increased importance of the Hg 5d orbitals to Vzz upon bending HgCl2 compared to the linear HgCl2 structure. Changing ligand leads to only minor changes in Vzz (from -9.60 a.u. (HgCl2) to -8.85 a.u. (HgI2) at the 4-component/BH&H level). This appears to be due to cancellation of contributions with opposite signs to Vzz arising from: (i) increasing electron donation from occupied ligand orbitals to the formally empty Hg 6p orbitals and (ii) an increasing bond length and a decreasing negative charge on the ligand along the series.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - electric field gradient

KW - Mercury

KW - Quantum Chemistry

KW - Computational Chemistry

KW - Relativity

KW - Former LIFE faculty

U2 - 10.1039/C2CP42291C

DO - 10.1039/C2CP42291C

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 16070

EP - 16079

JO - Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

JF - Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

SN - 1463-9076

IS - 46

ER -

ID: 40810327