Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture

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Standard

Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture. / Nielsen, Jens Høiriis.

I: Acta endocrinologica, Bind 105, Nr. 2, 02.1984, s. 245-50.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Nielsen, JH 1984, 'Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture', Acta endocrinologica, bind 105, nr. 2, s. 245-50.

APA

Nielsen, J. H. (1984). Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture. Acta endocrinologica, 105(2), 245-50.

Vancouver

Nielsen JH. Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture. Acta endocrinologica. 1984 feb;105(2):245-50.

Author

Nielsen, Jens Høiriis. / Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture. I: Acta endocrinologica. 1984 ; Bind 105, Nr. 2. s. 245-50.

Bibtex

@article{583dee053564411c878f0553cde82cda,
title = "Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture",
abstract = "Sex steroids are supposed to contribute to the normal glucose homeostasis and to the altered glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during contraception. In the present study isolated mouse pancreatic islets were maintained in tissue culture medium RPMI 1640 supplemented with 0.5{\%} newborn calf serum and 100 ng/ml of one of the following steroids: oestradiol, progesterone, testosterone, megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, chlormadinone acetate, norethynodrel, norethindrone acetate, and ethynyloestradiol. Release of insulin to the culture medium was measured during a 2 week culture period, and the islet content of insulin, glucagon, and DNA was measured at the end of the period. It was found that progesterone and its derivatives megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, and chlormadinone caused a 2-fold increase in insulin release during the culture period. When islets cultured in the presence of oestradiol, progesterone, or testosterone were subjected to 30 min stimulation with 5.5, 11, 22 mmol/l glucose, only the progesterone-treated islets released more insulin in response to glucose than the control islets. It is concluded that progesterone and its derivatives have a direct effect on the glucose-stimulated insulin release probably by increasing the glucose sensitivity. The results suggest that the alterations in glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during treatment with certain oral contraceptives may in part be due to a direct effect of progestins on the beta-cell.",
keywords = "Animals, DNA, Female, Glucagon, Gonadal Steroid Hormones, Insulin, Islets of Langerhans, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred Strains, Organ Culture Techniques",
author = "Nielsen, {Jens H{\o}iriis}",
year = "1984",
month = "2",
language = "English",
volume = "105",
pages = "245--50",
journal = "European Journal of Endocrinology",
issn = "0804-4643",
publisher = "BioScientifica Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct effect of gonadal and contraceptive steroids on insulin release from mouse pancreatic islets in organ culture

AU - Nielsen, Jens Høiriis

PY - 1984/2

Y1 - 1984/2

N2 - Sex steroids are supposed to contribute to the normal glucose homeostasis and to the altered glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during contraception. In the present study isolated mouse pancreatic islets were maintained in tissue culture medium RPMI 1640 supplemented with 0.5% newborn calf serum and 100 ng/ml of one of the following steroids: oestradiol, progesterone, testosterone, megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, chlormadinone acetate, norethynodrel, norethindrone acetate, and ethynyloestradiol. Release of insulin to the culture medium was measured during a 2 week culture period, and the islet content of insulin, glucagon, and DNA was measured at the end of the period. It was found that progesterone and its derivatives megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, and chlormadinone caused a 2-fold increase in insulin release during the culture period. When islets cultured in the presence of oestradiol, progesterone, or testosterone were subjected to 30 min stimulation with 5.5, 11, 22 mmol/l glucose, only the progesterone-treated islets released more insulin in response to glucose than the control islets. It is concluded that progesterone and its derivatives have a direct effect on the glucose-stimulated insulin release probably by increasing the glucose sensitivity. The results suggest that the alterations in glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during treatment with certain oral contraceptives may in part be due to a direct effect of progestins on the beta-cell.

AB - Sex steroids are supposed to contribute to the normal glucose homeostasis and to the altered glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during contraception. In the present study isolated mouse pancreatic islets were maintained in tissue culture medium RPMI 1640 supplemented with 0.5% newborn calf serum and 100 ng/ml of one of the following steroids: oestradiol, progesterone, testosterone, megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, chlormadinone acetate, norethynodrel, norethindrone acetate, and ethynyloestradiol. Release of insulin to the culture medium was measured during a 2 week culture period, and the islet content of insulin, glucagon, and DNA was measured at the end of the period. It was found that progesterone and its derivatives megestrol acetate, medroxyprogesterone, and chlormadinone caused a 2-fold increase in insulin release during the culture period. When islets cultured in the presence of oestradiol, progesterone, or testosterone were subjected to 30 min stimulation with 5.5, 11, 22 mmol/l glucose, only the progesterone-treated islets released more insulin in response to glucose than the control islets. It is concluded that progesterone and its derivatives have a direct effect on the glucose-stimulated insulin release probably by increasing the glucose sensitivity. The results suggest that the alterations in glucose and insulin metabolism in pregnancy and during treatment with certain oral contraceptives may in part be due to a direct effect of progestins on the beta-cell.

KW - Animals

KW - DNA

KW - Female

KW - Glucagon

KW - Gonadal Steroid Hormones

KW - Insulin

KW - Islets of Langerhans

KW - Male

KW - Mice

KW - Mice, Inbred Strains

KW - Organ Culture Techniques

M3 - Journal article

VL - 105

SP - 245

EP - 250

JO - European Journal of Endocrinology

JF - European Journal of Endocrinology

SN - 0804-4643

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 47975236