Developmental expression of proprotein convertase 1/3 in the rat
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We have isolated a clone that has 3' end sequence identity with prohormone convertase 1/3 (PC1/3) from a rat islet cDNA library. Northern blot analysis and immunocytochemical studies have confirmed its presence in the endocrine pancreas. Analysis of poly A mRNA from various adult tissues demonstrated that it was relatively abundant in whole brain, lung and spleen, but not detectable in kidney, testis and heart. Using probes consisting of either the coding region or the 3' end sequences, the mRNA transcripts identified were 5.0, 3.0 and 8.5 kb. The 8.5 kb transcript detected has not been described previously. RT-PCR of RNA isolated from rat embryonic tissues using a primer set corresponding to the 3' end of the PC1/3 sequence showed a steady increase of expression in fetal pancreas and intestine during the course of development. In contrast, comparatively high and constant levels of PC1/3 expression were detected in fetal lung, whereas low and constant expression was detected in fetal liver. Double immuno-staining showed that PC1/3 was co-localised with insulin throughout development, and at mid-gestation, PC1/3 immunoreactivity could also be detected within glucagon-producing cells in the developing pancreas. Thus, we have identified a novel PC1/3 mRNA transcript in the rat by using sequence-specific probes and have demonstrated that the developmental expression of prohormone convertase PC1/3 is confined primarily to pancreas and intestine, suggesting that it may play a possible role in regulating growth and differentiation of these tissues.
|Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
|Udgivet - 10 sep. 1999