Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility: a register-based twin study

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Standard

Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility : a register-based twin study. / Gade, Elisabeth J; Thomsen, Simon F; Lindenberg, Svend; Kyvik, Kirsten O; Lieberoth, Sofie; Backer, Vibeke.

I: European Respiratory Journal, Bind 43, Nr. 4, 04.2014, s. 1077-1085.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Gade, EJ, Thomsen, SF, Lindenberg, S, Kyvik, KO, Lieberoth, S & Backer, V 2014, 'Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility: a register-based twin study', European Respiratory Journal, bind 43, nr. 4, s. 1077-1085. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00148713

APA

Gade, E. J., Thomsen, S. F., Lindenberg, S., Kyvik, K. O., Lieberoth, S., & Backer, V. (2014). Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility: a register-based twin study. European Respiratory Journal, 43(4), 1077-1085. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00148713

Vancouver

Gade EJ, Thomsen SF, Lindenberg S, Kyvik KO, Lieberoth S, Backer V. Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility: a register-based twin study. European Respiratory Journal. 2014 apr;43(4):1077-1085. https://doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00148713

Author

Gade, Elisabeth J ; Thomsen, Simon F ; Lindenberg, Svend ; Kyvik, Kirsten O ; Lieberoth, Sofie ; Backer, Vibeke. / Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility : a register-based twin study. I: European Respiratory Journal. 2014 ; Bind 43, Nr. 4. s. 1077-1085.

Bibtex

@article{6de1b42cfe234b998e3f8f1efe9b5ca7,
title = "Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility: a register-based twin study",
abstract = "Coexistence of infertility and asthma has been observed clinically. Therefore, we investigated the association between asthma and delayed pregnancy in a nationwide population-based cohort of twins. A cohort of 15 250 twins living in Denmark (aged 12-41 years) participated in a questionnaire study including questions about the presence of asthma and fertility. Differences in time to pregnancy and pregnancy outcome were analysed in subjects with asthma, allergy and in healthy individuals using multiple regression analysis. Asthma was associated with an increased time to pregnancy, the percentage of asthmatics with a time to pregnancy >1 year was 27{\%} versus 21.6{\%} for non-asthmatics (OR (95{\%} CI) 1.31 (1.1-1.6); p=0.009). The association remained significant after adjustment for age, age at menarche, body mass index and socioeconomic status (OR (95{\%} CI) 1.25 (1.0-1.6); p=0.05), and was more pronounced in those >30 years of age (32.2{\%} versus 24.9{\%}, OR (95{\%} CI) 1.44 (1.1-1.9); p=0.04). Untreated asthmatics had a significant increased risk of prolonged time to pregnancy compared to healthy individuals (OR (95{\%} CI) 1.79 (1.20-2.66); p=0.004), while asthmatics receiving any kind of treatment for asthma tended to have a shorter time to pregnancy than untreated asthmatics (OR 1.40; p=0.134). Asthma prolongs time to pregnancy. The negative effect of asthma on fertility increases with age and with disease intensity, indicating that a systemic disease characterised by systemic inflammation also can involve reproductive processes.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Asthma, Body Mass Index, Child, Denmark, Female, Fertility, Humans, Infertility, Odds Ratio, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Complications, Pregnancy Outcome, Questionnaires, Regression Analysis, Social Class, Time-to-Pregnancy, Young Adult",
author = "Gade, {Elisabeth J} and Thomsen, {Simon F} and Svend Lindenberg and Kyvik, {Kirsten O} and Sofie Lieberoth and Vibeke Backer",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1183/09031936.00148713",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "1077--1085",
journal = "The European Respiratory Journal",
issn = "0903-1936",
publisher = "European Respiratory Society",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Asthma affects time to pregnancy and fertility

T2 - a register-based twin study

AU - Gade, Elisabeth J

AU - Thomsen, Simon F

AU - Lindenberg, Svend

AU - Kyvik, Kirsten O

AU - Lieberoth, Sofie

AU - Backer, Vibeke

PY - 2014/4

Y1 - 2014/4

N2 - Coexistence of infertility and asthma has been observed clinically. Therefore, we investigated the association between asthma and delayed pregnancy in a nationwide population-based cohort of twins. A cohort of 15 250 twins living in Denmark (aged 12-41 years) participated in a questionnaire study including questions about the presence of asthma and fertility. Differences in time to pregnancy and pregnancy outcome were analysed in subjects with asthma, allergy and in healthy individuals using multiple regression analysis. Asthma was associated with an increased time to pregnancy, the percentage of asthmatics with a time to pregnancy >1 year was 27% versus 21.6% for non-asthmatics (OR (95% CI) 1.31 (1.1-1.6); p=0.009). The association remained significant after adjustment for age, age at menarche, body mass index and socioeconomic status (OR (95% CI) 1.25 (1.0-1.6); p=0.05), and was more pronounced in those >30 years of age (32.2% versus 24.9%, OR (95% CI) 1.44 (1.1-1.9); p=0.04). Untreated asthmatics had a significant increased risk of prolonged time to pregnancy compared to healthy individuals (OR (95% CI) 1.79 (1.20-2.66); p=0.004), while asthmatics receiving any kind of treatment for asthma tended to have a shorter time to pregnancy than untreated asthmatics (OR 1.40; p=0.134). Asthma prolongs time to pregnancy. The negative effect of asthma on fertility increases with age and with disease intensity, indicating that a systemic disease characterised by systemic inflammation also can involve reproductive processes.

AB - Coexistence of infertility and asthma has been observed clinically. Therefore, we investigated the association between asthma and delayed pregnancy in a nationwide population-based cohort of twins. A cohort of 15 250 twins living in Denmark (aged 12-41 years) participated in a questionnaire study including questions about the presence of asthma and fertility. Differences in time to pregnancy and pregnancy outcome were analysed in subjects with asthma, allergy and in healthy individuals using multiple regression analysis. Asthma was associated with an increased time to pregnancy, the percentage of asthmatics with a time to pregnancy >1 year was 27% versus 21.6% for non-asthmatics (OR (95% CI) 1.31 (1.1-1.6); p=0.009). The association remained significant after adjustment for age, age at menarche, body mass index and socioeconomic status (OR (95% CI) 1.25 (1.0-1.6); p=0.05), and was more pronounced in those >30 years of age (32.2% versus 24.9%, OR (95% CI) 1.44 (1.1-1.9); p=0.04). Untreated asthmatics had a significant increased risk of prolonged time to pregnancy compared to healthy individuals (OR (95% CI) 1.79 (1.20-2.66); p=0.004), while asthmatics receiving any kind of treatment for asthma tended to have a shorter time to pregnancy than untreated asthmatics (OR 1.40; p=0.134). Asthma prolongs time to pregnancy. The negative effect of asthma on fertility increases with age and with disease intensity, indicating that a systemic disease characterised by systemic inflammation also can involve reproductive processes.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Asthma

KW - Body Mass Index

KW - Child

KW - Denmark

KW - Female

KW - Fertility

KW - Humans

KW - Infertility

KW - Odds Ratio

KW - Pregnancy

KW - Pregnancy Complications

KW - Pregnancy Outcome

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Regression Analysis

KW - Social Class

KW - Time-to-Pregnancy

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1183/09031936.00148713

DO - 10.1183/09031936.00148713

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 1077

EP - 1085

JO - The European Respiratory Journal

JF - The European Respiratory Journal

SN - 0903-1936

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 138770236