Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  • Marianne Olholm Larsen
  • Bidda Rolin
  • Ulla Ribel
  • Michael Wilken
  • Deacon, Carolyn F.
  • Ove Svendsen
  • Carsten F Gotfredsen
  • Richard David Carr
The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are important in blood glucose regulation. However, both incretin hormones are rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV). The concept of DPPIV inhibition as a treatment for type 2 diabetes was evaluated in a new large animal model of insulin-deficient diabetes and reduced beta-cell mass, the nicotinamide (NIA) (67 mg/kg) and streptozotocin (STZ) (125 mg/kg)-treated minipig, using the DPPIV inhibitor, valine pyrrolidide (VP) (50 mg/kg). VP did not significantly affect levels of intact GLP-1 but increased levels of intact GIP (from 4543 +/- 1880 to 9208 +/- 3267 pM x min; P <.01), thus improving glucose tolerance (area under the curve [AUC] for glucose reduced from 1904 +/- 480 to 1582 +/- 353 mM x min; P =.05). VP did not increase insulin levels during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) but increased the insulinogenic index in normal animals (from 83 +/- 42 to 192 +/- 108; P <.05), but not after NIA + STZ, possibly because of less residual insulin secretory capacity in these animals. GIP seems to contribute to the antihyperglycemic effect of VP in this model; however, additional mechanisms for the effect of DPPIV inhibition cannot be excluded. The authors conclude that DPPIV inhibitors may be useful to treat type 2 diabetes, even when this is due to reduced beta-cell mass.
Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Diabesity Research
Volume4
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)93-105
Number of pages12
ISSN1543-8600
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Animals; Blood Glucose; Catheterization, Central Venous; Dipeptidyl Peptidases; Drug Tolerance; Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide; Glucose; Glucose Intolerance; Glucose Tolerance Test; Islets of Langerhans; Male; Pyrrolidines; Swine; Swine, Miniature; Valine

ID: 8417456