Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass. / Larsen, Marianne Olholm; Rolin, Bidda; Ribel, Ulla; Wilken, Michael; Deacon, Carolyn F; Svendsen, Ove; Gotfredsen, Carsten F; Carr, Richard David.

In: Experimental Diabesity Research, Vol. 4, No. 2, 2003, p. 93-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Larsen, MO, Rolin, B, Ribel, U, Wilken, M, Deacon, CF, Svendsen, O, Gotfredsen, CF & Carr, RD 2003, 'Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass.', Experimental Diabesity Research, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 93-105. https://doi.org/10.1155/EDR.2003.93

APA

Larsen, M. O., Rolin, B., Ribel, U., Wilken, M., Deacon, C. F., Svendsen, O., ... Carr, R. D. (2003). Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass. Experimental Diabesity Research, 4(2), 93-105. https://doi.org/10.1155/EDR.2003.93

Vancouver

Larsen MO, Rolin B, Ribel U, Wilken M, Deacon CF, Svendsen O et al. Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass. Experimental Diabesity Research. 2003;4(2):93-105. https://doi.org/10.1155/EDR.2003.93

Author

Larsen, Marianne Olholm ; Rolin, Bidda ; Ribel, Ulla ; Wilken, Michael ; Deacon, Carolyn F ; Svendsen, Ove ; Gotfredsen, Carsten F ; Carr, Richard David. / Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass. In: Experimental Diabesity Research. 2003 ; Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 93-105.

Bibtex

@article{3f779a50ab4c11ddb5e9000ea68e967b,
title = "Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass.",
abstract = "The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are important in blood glucose regulation. However, both incretin hormones are rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV). The concept of DPPIV inhibition as a treatment for type 2 diabetes was evaluated in a new large animal model of insulin-deficient diabetes and reduced beta-cell mass, the nicotinamide (NIA) (67 mg/kg) and streptozotocin (STZ) (125 mg/kg)-treated minipig, using the DPPIV inhibitor, valine pyrrolidide (VP) (50 mg/kg). VP did not significantly affect levels of intact GLP-1 but increased levels of intact GIP (from 4543 +/- 1880 to 9208 +/- 3267 pM x min; P <.01), thus improving glucose tolerance (area under the curve [AUC] for glucose reduced from 1904 +/- 480 to 1582 +/- 353 mM x min; P =.05). VP did not increase insulin levels during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) but increased the insulinogenic index in normal animals (from 83 +/- 42 to 192 +/- 108; P <.05), but not after NIA + STZ, possibly because of less residual insulin secretory capacity in these animals. GIP seems to contribute to the antihyperglycemic effect of VP in this model; however, additional mechanisms for the effect of DPPIV inhibition cannot be excluded. The authors conclude that DPPIV inhibitors may be useful to treat type 2 diabetes, even when this is due to reduced beta-cell mass.",
author = "Larsen, {Marianne Olholm} and Bidda Rolin and Ulla Ribel and Michael Wilken and Deacon, {Carolyn F} and Ove Svendsen and Gotfredsen, {Carsten F} and Carr, {Richard David}",
note = "Keywords: Animals; Blood Glucose; Catheterization, Central Venous; Dipeptidyl Peptidases; Drug Tolerance; Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide; Glucose; Glucose Intolerance; Glucose Tolerance Test; Islets of Langerhans; Male; Pyrrolidines; Swine; Swine, Miniature; Valine",
year = "2003",
doi = "10.1155/EDR.2003.93",
language = "English",
volume = "4",
pages = "93--105",
journal = "Experimental Diabesity Research",
issn = "1543-8600",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Valine pyrrolidide preserves intact glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide and improves abnormal glucose tolerance in minipigs with reduced beta-cell mass.

AU - Larsen, Marianne Olholm

AU - Rolin, Bidda

AU - Ribel, Ulla

AU - Wilken, Michael

AU - Deacon, Carolyn F

AU - Svendsen, Ove

AU - Gotfredsen, Carsten F

AU - Carr, Richard David

N1 - Keywords: Animals; Blood Glucose; Catheterization, Central Venous; Dipeptidyl Peptidases; Drug Tolerance; Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide; Glucose; Glucose Intolerance; Glucose Tolerance Test; Islets of Langerhans; Male; Pyrrolidines; Swine; Swine, Miniature; Valine

PY - 2003

Y1 - 2003

N2 - The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are important in blood glucose regulation. However, both incretin hormones are rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV). The concept of DPPIV inhibition as a treatment for type 2 diabetes was evaluated in a new large animal model of insulin-deficient diabetes and reduced beta-cell mass, the nicotinamide (NIA) (67 mg/kg) and streptozotocin (STZ) (125 mg/kg)-treated minipig, using the DPPIV inhibitor, valine pyrrolidide (VP) (50 mg/kg). VP did not significantly affect levels of intact GLP-1 but increased levels of intact GIP (from 4543 +/- 1880 to 9208 +/- 3267 pM x min; P <.01), thus improving glucose tolerance (area under the curve [AUC] for glucose reduced from 1904 +/- 480 to 1582 +/- 353 mM x min; P =.05). VP did not increase insulin levels during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) but increased the insulinogenic index in normal animals (from 83 +/- 42 to 192 +/- 108; P <.05), but not after NIA + STZ, possibly because of less residual insulin secretory capacity in these animals. GIP seems to contribute to the antihyperglycemic effect of VP in this model; however, additional mechanisms for the effect of DPPIV inhibition cannot be excluded. The authors conclude that DPPIV inhibitors may be useful to treat type 2 diabetes, even when this is due to reduced beta-cell mass.

AB - The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are important in blood glucose regulation. However, both incretin hormones are rapidly degraded by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPPIV). The concept of DPPIV inhibition as a treatment for type 2 diabetes was evaluated in a new large animal model of insulin-deficient diabetes and reduced beta-cell mass, the nicotinamide (NIA) (67 mg/kg) and streptozotocin (STZ) (125 mg/kg)-treated minipig, using the DPPIV inhibitor, valine pyrrolidide (VP) (50 mg/kg). VP did not significantly affect levels of intact GLP-1 but increased levels of intact GIP (from 4543 +/- 1880 to 9208 +/- 3267 pM x min; P <.01), thus improving glucose tolerance (area under the curve [AUC] for glucose reduced from 1904 +/- 480 to 1582 +/- 353 mM x min; P =.05). VP did not increase insulin levels during the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) but increased the insulinogenic index in normal animals (from 83 +/- 42 to 192 +/- 108; P <.05), but not after NIA + STZ, possibly because of less residual insulin secretory capacity in these animals. GIP seems to contribute to the antihyperglycemic effect of VP in this model; however, additional mechanisms for the effect of DPPIV inhibition cannot be excluded. The authors conclude that DPPIV inhibitors may be useful to treat type 2 diabetes, even when this is due to reduced beta-cell mass.

U2 - 10.1155/EDR.2003.93

DO - 10.1155/EDR.2003.93

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 14630571

VL - 4

SP - 93

EP - 105

JO - Experimental Diabesity Research

JF - Experimental Diabesity Research

SN - 1543-8600

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 8417456