Species-specific action of (Pro3)GIP - an efficacious agonist on human GIP receptor, but partial agonist and competitive antagonist on rat and mouse GIP receptors
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Specific high potent receptor antagonists are valuable tools when evaluating animal and human physiology. Within the glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) system, considerable attention has been given to the presumed GIP receptor antagonist (Pro3)GIP and its effect in murine studies. We conducted a pharmacological analysis of this ligand including interspecies differences between the rodent and human GIP system.
EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Transiently transfected COS-7 cells were assessed for cAMP accumulation upon ligand stimulation and assayed in competition binding using (125) I-human GIP. Using isolated perfused rodent pancreata both from wild type and GIPR-deficient animals, insulin-, glucagon-, and somatostatin-releasing properties in response to species-specific GIP and (Pro3)GIP analogues were evaluated.
KEY RESULTS: Human (Pro3)GIP is an efficacious agonist on the human GIPR with similar efficacy (Emax ) in cAMP production as human GIP, while both rat and mouse(Pro3)GIP were partial agonists on their corresponding receptors. Rodent GIPs are more potent and efficacious at their receptors than human GIP. In perfused pancreata at 7 mM glucose, both rodent (Pro3)GIP analogues induced modest insulin, glucagon and somatostatin secretion corresponding to the partial agonism observed in cAMP production. Conclusions and Implications When evaluating compound properties it is important to consider interspecies differences both at the receptor and ligand level. Thus, in rodent models human GIP is a comparatively weak partial agonist. Human (Pro3)GIP is not an effective antagonist, so there is still a need for an effective antagonist for the elucidation of GIP's physiology.
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Number of pages||12|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2016|