Oxygen Exposure and Tolerance Shapes the Cell Wall-Associated Lipids of the Skin Commensal Cutibacterium acnes

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Cutibacterium acnes is one of the most abundant bacteria on the skin. Being exposed to oxygen and oxic stress, the secretion of the bacterial antioxidant protein RoxP ensures an endogenous antioxidant system for the preservation of skin health. To investigate the impact of the antioxidant RoxP on oxidation of the bacteria, wildtype and an isogenic roxp mutant were cultured in anaerobic and oxic conditions. The carbonylated status of proteins were recorded, as were the most significant modifications in a relative intensity of free fatty acids (FFA) and lipids containing fatty acids (FA), such as di- (DG) and triglycerides (TG), di- (DGDG) and sulfoquinozyldiacylglycerol (SQDG) and ceramides. Concerning the fatty acid types, it was observed that the free fatty acids contained mainly C12:0–C26:0 in hydroxy and acylated forms, the DG contained mainly C29:0–C37:0, the TG contained mainly C19:0–C33:0, and the DGDG/SQDGs contained very long fatty acids (C29:0–C37:0) demonstrating the interdependence of de novo synthesis of lipids and RoxP. The area of DGDG peaks (924.52, 929.56 and 930.58) were affected by bacterial growth conditions, with the exception of m/z 910.61. Moreover, the FFA unsaturation is wider in the SQDG species (C30:0 to C36:6) than in DG, TG or free FFA species. It could be concluded that both environmental oxidative statuses, as well as the prevalence of bacterial antioxidant systems, significantly shape the lipidome of C. acnes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2260
Issue number9
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • ceramides, Cutibacterium acnes, fatty acids, lipids, mono-, di- diacylglyceryl, oxidation, oxidative stress, protein carbonylation, skin, sulfoquinozyldiacylglycerol

ID: 369869926