Long-term survival and recurrence after resection of bronchopulmonary carcinoids: A single-center cohort study of 236 patients

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OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine overall survival and recurrence-free survival after resection of bronchopulmonary carcinoids by means of predominantly minimally invasive surgery and lung-sparing resections. In addition, we aimed to identify prognostic factors for overall survival.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive patients operated for bronchopulmonary carcinoids between January 2009 and October 2020 identified from a prospectively collected database.

RESULTS: A total of 236 patients representing 240 cases of bronchopulmonary carcinoids were included. Of these, 212 (88.3 %) were typical carcinoids, while 28 (11.7 %) were atypical carcinoids. A Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) approach was used in 75 % of cases. There was no 30-day mortality. The median follow-up was 5.6 years for overall survival and 4.7 years for recurrence-free survival. 5- and 10-year overall survival rates were 89 % and 71 %, while 5- and 10-year recurrence-free survival rates were 84 % and 71 %. Patients with atypical carcinoids had significantly reduced overall survival and recurrence-free survival rates (HR 3.4; 95 % CI 1.5-7.6; p = 0.003 and HR 5.4; 95 % CI 2.6-11.4; p < 0.001). Independent predictors of overall survival included atypical carcinoid (HR 2.7; 95 % CI 1.2-6.0; p = 0.018) and age > 60 years (HR 2.9; 95 % CI 1.2-7.3; p = 0.021).

CONCLUSION: Surgery for bronchopulmonary carcinoids by means of predominantly VATS and lung-sparing resections provides favorable long-term survival. Atypical carcinoids and age > 60 years are independent predictors of poor overall survival.

Original languageEnglish
JournalLung Cancer
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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