Increasing gap junctional coupling: a tool for dissecting the role of gap junctions.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Lene Nygaard Axelsen
  • Ketil Haugan
  • Martin Stahlhut
  • Anne-Louise Kjølbye
  • James K Hennan
  • Jørgen Søberg Petersen
  • Nielsen, Morten Schak
  • N.-H. Holstein-Rathlou
Much of our current knowledge about the physiological and pathophysiological role of gap junctions is based on experiments where coupling has been reduced by either chemical agents or genetic modification. This has brought evidence that gap junctions are important in many physiological processes. In a number of cases, gap junctions have been implicated in the initiation and progress of disease, and experimental uncoupling has been used to investigate the exact role of coupling. The inverse approach, i.e., to increase coupling, has become possible in recent years and represents a new way of testing the role of gap junctions. The aim of this review is to summarize the current knowledge obtained with agents that selectively increase gap junctional intercellular coupling. Two approaches will be reviewed: increasing coupling by the use of antiarrhythmic peptide and its synthetic analogs and by interfering with the gating of gap junctional channels.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Membrane Biology
Volume216
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)23-35
Number of pages13
ISSN0022-2631
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Bibliographical note

Keywords: Animals; Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; Arrhythmias, Cardiac; Atrial Fibrillation; Bone and Bones; Cell Communication; Connexin 43; Female; Gap Junctions; Homeostasis; Humans; Ion Channel Gating; Myocardial Ischemia; Oligopeptides; Osteoblasts

ID: 8419811