64Cu-DOTATATE for Noninvasive Assessment of Atherosclerosis in Large Arteries and Its Correlation with Risk Factors: Head-to-Head Comparison with 68Ga-DOTATOC in 60 Patients

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UNLABELLED: The somatostatin receptor subtype 2 is expressed on macrophages, an abundant cell type in the atherosclerotic plaque. Visualization of somatostatin receptor subtype 2, for oncologic purposes, is frequently made using the DOTA-derived somatostatin analogs DOTATOC or DOTATATE for PET. We aimed to compare the uptake of the PET tracers (68)Ga-DOTATOC and (64)Cu-DOTATATE in large arteries, in the assessment of atherosclerosis by noninvasive imaging technique, combining PET and CT. Further, the correlation of uptake and cardiovascular risk factors was investigated.

METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients with neuroendocrine tumors underwent both (68)Ga-DOTATOC and (64)Cu-DOTATATE PET/CT scans, in random order. For each scan, the maximum and mean standardized uptake values (SUVs) were calculated in 5 arterial segments. In addition, the blood-pool-corrected target-to-background ratio was calculated. Uptake of the tracers was correlated with cardiovascular risk factors collected from medical records.

RESULTS: We found detectable uptake of both tracers in all arterial segments studied. Uptake of (64)Cu-DOTATATE was significantly higher than (68)Ga-DOTATOC in the vascular regions both when calculated as maximum and mean uptake. There was a significant association between Framingham risk score and the overall maximum uptake of (64)Cu-DOTATATE using SUV (r = 0.4; P = 0.004) as well as target-to-background ratio (r = 0.3; P = 0.04), whereas no association was found with (68)Ga-DOTATOC. The association of risk factors and maximum SUV of (64)Cu-DOTATATE was found driven by body mass index, smoking, diabetes, and coronary calcium score (P < 0.001, P = 0.01, P = 0.005, and P = 0.03, respectively).

CONCLUSION: In a series of oncologic patients, vascular uptake of (68)Ga-DOTATOC and (64)Cu-DOTATATE was found, with highest uptake of the latter. Uptake of (64)Cu-DOTATATE, but not of (68)Ga-DOTATOC, was correlated with cardiovascular risk factors, suggesting a potential role for (64)Cu-DOTATATE in the assessment of atherosclerosis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)1895-900
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

    Research areas

  • Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aorta, Arteries, Atherosclerosis, Body Mass Index, Calcium, Cardiovascular Diseases, Coronary Vessels, Diabetes Mellitus, Female, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Male, Middle Aged, Neuroendocrine Tumors, Octreotide, Organometallic Compounds, Positron-Emission Tomography, Radiopharmaceuticals, Risk Factors, Smoking

ID: 162678587