The Shaker-type voltage-gated potassium channel, Kv1.3, is believed to be restricted in distribution to lymphocytes and neurons. In lymphocytes, this channel has gained intense attention since it has been proven that inhibition of Kv1.3 channels compromise T lymphocyte activation. To investigate possible expression of Kv1.3 channels in other types of tissue, such as epithelia, binding experiments, immunoprecipitation studies and immunohistochemical studies were performed. The double-mutated, radiolabeled peptidyl ligand, (125)I-HgTX(1)-A19Y/Y37F, which selectively binds Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.3 and Kv1.6 channels, was used to perform binding studies in epithelia isolated from rabbit kidney and colon. The equilibrium dissociation constant for this ligand was found to be in the sub-picomolar range and the maximal receptor concentration (in fM/mg protein) 1.68 for colon and 0.61-0.75 for kidney epithelium. To determine the subtype of Kv1 channels, immunoprecipitation studies with (125)I-HgTX(1)-A19Y/Y37F labeled epithelial membranes were performed with specific antibodies against Kv1.1, Kv1.2, Kv1.3, Kv1.4 or Kv1.6 subunits. These studies demonstrated that Kv1.3 subunits constituted more than 50% of the entire Kv1 subunit population. The precise localization of Kv1.3 subunits in epithelia was determined by immunohistochemical studies.
Keywords: Animals; Cell Membrane; Colon; Culture Techniques; Intestinal Mucosa; Kidney Cortex; Kidney Medulla; Kv1.3 Potassium Channel; Male; Potassium Channels; Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated; Rabbits; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Scorpion Venoms; Tissue Distribution; Urothelium