The Role of Myeloperoxidase in Biomolecule Modification, Chronic Inflammation, and Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review

Significance: The release of myeloperoxidase (MPO) by activated leukocytes is critical in innate immune
responses. MPO produces hypochlorous acid (HOCl) and other strong oxidants, which kill bacteria and other
invading pathogens. However, MPO also drives the development of numerous chronic inflammatory pathologies,
including atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative disease, lung disease, arthritis, cancer, and kidney disease,
which are globally responsible for significant patient mortality and morbidity.
Recent Advances: The development of imaging approaches to precisely identify the localization of MPO and
the molecular targets of HOCl in vivo is an important advance, as typically the involvement of MPO in
inflammatory disease has been inferred by its presence, together with the detection of biomarkers of HOCl, in
biological fluids or diseased tissues. This will provide valuable information in regard to the cell types responsible
for releasing MPO in vivo, together with new insight into potential therapeutic opportunities.
Critical Issues: Although there is little doubt as to the value of MPO inhibition as a protective strategy to
mitigate tissue damage during chronic inflammation in experimental models, the impact of long-term inhibition
of MPO as a therapeutic strategy for human disease remains uncertain, in light of the potential effects on innate
Future Directions: The development of more targeted MPO inhibitors or a treatment regimen designed to
reduce MPO-associated host tissue damage without compromising pathogen killing by the innate immune
system is therefore an important future direction. Similarly, a partial MPO inhibition strategy may be sufficient
to maintain adequate bacterial activity while decreasing the propagation of inflammatory pathologies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAntioxidants & Redox Signaling
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)957-981
Publication statusPublished - 2020

ID: 239518514