Targeted Delivery of Butyrate Improves Glucose Homeostasis, Reduces Hepatic Lipid Accumulation and Inflammation in db/db Mice

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Butyrate produced by the gut microbiota has beneficial effects on metabolism and inflammation. Butyrate-producing bacteria are supported by diets with a high fiber content, such as high-amylose maize starch (HAMS). We investigated the effects of HAMS- and butyrylated HAMS (HAMSB)-supplemented diets on glucose metabolism and inflammation in diabetic db/db mice. Mice fed HAMSB had 8-fold higher fecal butyrate concentration compared to control diet-fed mice. Weekly analysis of fasting blood glucose showed a significant reduction in HAMSB-fed mice when the area under the curve for all five weeks was analyzed. Following treatment, fasting glucose and insulin analysis showed increased homeostatic model assessment (HOMA) insulin sensitivity in the HAMSB-fed mice. Glucose-stimulated insulin release from isolated islets did not differ between the groups, while insulin content was increased by 36% in islets of the HAMSB-fed mice. Expression of insulin 2 was also significantly increased in islets of the HAMSB-fed mice, while no difference in expression of insulin 1, pancreatic and duodenal homeobox 1, MAF bZIP transcription factor A and urocortin 3 between the groups was observed. Hepatic triglycerides in the livers of the HAMSB-fed mice were significantly reduced. Finally, mRNA markers of inflammation in liver and adipose tissue were reduced in mice fed HAMSB. These findings suggest that HAMSB-supplemented diet improves glucose metabolism in the db/db mice, and reduces inflammation in insulin-sensitive tissues.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4533
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number5
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • beta-cell function, butyrate, db/db mice, glucose homeostasis, hepatic steatosis, inflammation, insulin sensitivity, pancreatic islets, short chain fatty acids, Type 2 diabetes

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