Short communication: Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Short communication : Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea. / Morrison, S. Y.; Pastor, J. J.; Quintela, J. C.; Holst, J. J.; Hartmann, B.; Drackley, J. K.; Ipharraguerre, I. R.

In: Journal of Dairy Science, Vol. 100, No. 3, 01.03.2017, p. 1940-1945.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Morrison, SY, Pastor, JJ, Quintela, JC, Holst, JJ, Hartmann, B, Drackley, JK & Ipharraguerre, IR 2017, 'Short communication: Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea', Journal of Dairy Science, vol. 100, no. 3, pp. 1940-1945. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11810

APA

Morrison, S. Y., Pastor, J. J., Quintela, J. C., Holst, J. J., Hartmann, B., Drackley, J. K., & Ipharraguerre, I. R. (2017). Short communication: Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea. Journal of Dairy Science, 100(3), 1940-1945. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11810

Vancouver

Morrison SY, Pastor JJ, Quintela JC, Holst JJ, Hartmann B, Drackley JK et al. Short communication: Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea. Journal of Dairy Science. 2017 Mar 1;100(3):1940-1945. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2016-11810

Author

Morrison, S. Y. ; Pastor, J. J. ; Quintela, J. C. ; Holst, J. J. ; Hartmann, B. ; Drackley, J. K. ; Ipharraguerre, I. R. / Short communication : Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea. In: Journal of Dairy Science. 2017 ; Vol. 100, No. 3. pp. 1940-1945.

Bibtex

@article{3c4677141039415bb925db90252986cd,
title = "Short communication: Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea",
abstract = "Diarrhea episodes in dairy calves involve profound alterations in the mechanism controlling gut barrier function that ultimately compromise intestinal permeability to macromolecules, including pathogenic bacteria. Intestinal dysfunction models suggest that a key element of intestinal adaptation during the neonatal phase is the nutrient-induced secretion of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 and associated effects on mucosal cell proliferation, barrier function, and inflammatory response. Bioactive molecules found in Olea europaea have been shown to induce the release of regulatory peptides from model enteroendocrine cells. The ability to enhance GLP-2 secretion via the feeding of putative GLP-2 secretagogues is untested in newborn calves. The objectives of this study were to determine whether feeding a bioactive extract from Olea europaea (OBE) mixed in the milk replacer (1) can stimulate GLP-2 secretion beyond the response elicited by enteral nutrients and, thereby, (2) improve intestinal permeability and animal growth as well as (3) reduce the incidence of diarrhea in preweaning dairy calves. Holstein heifer calves (n = 60) were purchased, transported to the research facility, and blocked by body weight and total serum protein and assigned to 1 of 3 treatments. Treatments were control (CON), standard milk replacer (MR) and ad libitum starter; CON plus OBE added into MR at 30 mg/kg of body weight (OBE30); and CON plus OBE added into MR at 60 mg/kg of body weight (OBE60). The concentration of GLP-2 was measured at the end of wk 2. Intestinal permeability was measured at the onset of the study and the end of wk 2 and 6, with lactulose and d-mannitol as markers. Treatments did not affect calf growth and starter intake. Compared with CON, administration of OBE60 increased the nutrient-induced response in GLP-2 by about 1 fold and reduced MR intake during the second week of study. Throughout the study, however, all calves had compromised intestinal permeability and a high incidence of diarrhea. The GLP-2 response elicited by OBE60 did not improve intestinal permeability (lactulose-to-d-mannitol ratio) and incidence of diarrhea over the course of the preweaning period. The response in GLP-2 secretion to the administration of OBE reported herein warrants further research efforts to investigate the possibility of improving intestinal integrity through GLP-2 secretion in newborn calves.",
keywords = "Dairy calf, Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2), Intestine, Permeability",
author = "Morrison, {S. Y.} and Pastor, {J. J.} and Quintela, {J. C.} and Holst, {J. J.} and B. Hartmann and Drackley, {J. K.} and Ipharraguerre, {I. R.}",
year = "2017",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3168/jds.2016-11810",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "1940--1945",
journal = "Journal of Dairy Science",
issn = "0022-0302",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Short communication

T2 - Promotion of glucagon-like peptide-2 secretion in dairy calves with a bioactive extract from Olea europaea

AU - Morrison, S. Y.

AU - Pastor, J. J.

AU - Quintela, J. C.

AU - Holst, J. J.

AU - Hartmann, B.

AU - Drackley, J. K.

AU - Ipharraguerre, I. R.

PY - 2017/3/1

Y1 - 2017/3/1

N2 - Diarrhea episodes in dairy calves involve profound alterations in the mechanism controlling gut barrier function that ultimately compromise intestinal permeability to macromolecules, including pathogenic bacteria. Intestinal dysfunction models suggest that a key element of intestinal adaptation during the neonatal phase is the nutrient-induced secretion of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 and associated effects on mucosal cell proliferation, barrier function, and inflammatory response. Bioactive molecules found in Olea europaea have been shown to induce the release of regulatory peptides from model enteroendocrine cells. The ability to enhance GLP-2 secretion via the feeding of putative GLP-2 secretagogues is untested in newborn calves. The objectives of this study were to determine whether feeding a bioactive extract from Olea europaea (OBE) mixed in the milk replacer (1) can stimulate GLP-2 secretion beyond the response elicited by enteral nutrients and, thereby, (2) improve intestinal permeability and animal growth as well as (3) reduce the incidence of diarrhea in preweaning dairy calves. Holstein heifer calves (n = 60) were purchased, transported to the research facility, and blocked by body weight and total serum protein and assigned to 1 of 3 treatments. Treatments were control (CON), standard milk replacer (MR) and ad libitum starter; CON plus OBE added into MR at 30 mg/kg of body weight (OBE30); and CON plus OBE added into MR at 60 mg/kg of body weight (OBE60). The concentration of GLP-2 was measured at the end of wk 2. Intestinal permeability was measured at the onset of the study and the end of wk 2 and 6, with lactulose and d-mannitol as markers. Treatments did not affect calf growth and starter intake. Compared with CON, administration of OBE60 increased the nutrient-induced response in GLP-2 by about 1 fold and reduced MR intake during the second week of study. Throughout the study, however, all calves had compromised intestinal permeability and a high incidence of diarrhea. The GLP-2 response elicited by OBE60 did not improve intestinal permeability (lactulose-to-d-mannitol ratio) and incidence of diarrhea over the course of the preweaning period. The response in GLP-2 secretion to the administration of OBE reported herein warrants further research efforts to investigate the possibility of improving intestinal integrity through GLP-2 secretion in newborn calves.

AB - Diarrhea episodes in dairy calves involve profound alterations in the mechanism controlling gut barrier function that ultimately compromise intestinal permeability to macromolecules, including pathogenic bacteria. Intestinal dysfunction models suggest that a key element of intestinal adaptation during the neonatal phase is the nutrient-induced secretion of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-2 and associated effects on mucosal cell proliferation, barrier function, and inflammatory response. Bioactive molecules found in Olea europaea have been shown to induce the release of regulatory peptides from model enteroendocrine cells. The ability to enhance GLP-2 secretion via the feeding of putative GLP-2 secretagogues is untested in newborn calves. The objectives of this study were to determine whether feeding a bioactive extract from Olea europaea (OBE) mixed in the milk replacer (1) can stimulate GLP-2 secretion beyond the response elicited by enteral nutrients and, thereby, (2) improve intestinal permeability and animal growth as well as (3) reduce the incidence of diarrhea in preweaning dairy calves. Holstein heifer calves (n = 60) were purchased, transported to the research facility, and blocked by body weight and total serum protein and assigned to 1 of 3 treatments. Treatments were control (CON), standard milk replacer (MR) and ad libitum starter; CON plus OBE added into MR at 30 mg/kg of body weight (OBE30); and CON plus OBE added into MR at 60 mg/kg of body weight (OBE60). The concentration of GLP-2 was measured at the end of wk 2. Intestinal permeability was measured at the onset of the study and the end of wk 2 and 6, with lactulose and d-mannitol as markers. Treatments did not affect calf growth and starter intake. Compared with CON, administration of OBE60 increased the nutrient-induced response in GLP-2 by about 1 fold and reduced MR intake during the second week of study. Throughout the study, however, all calves had compromised intestinal permeability and a high incidence of diarrhea. The GLP-2 response elicited by OBE60 did not improve intestinal permeability (lactulose-to-d-mannitol ratio) and incidence of diarrhea over the course of the preweaning period. The response in GLP-2 secretion to the administration of OBE reported herein warrants further research efforts to investigate the possibility of improving intestinal integrity through GLP-2 secretion in newborn calves.

KW - Dairy calf

KW - Glucagon-like peptide-2 (GLP-2)

KW - Intestine

KW - Permeability

U2 - 10.3168/jds.2016-11810

DO - 10.3168/jds.2016-11810

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28041739

AN - SCOPUS:85009412406

VL - 100

SP - 1940

EP - 1945

JO - Journal of Dairy Science

JF - Journal of Dairy Science

SN - 0022-0302

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 172854244