Photobiocatalysis by a Lytic Polysaccharide Monooxygenase Using Intermittent Illumination

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Photobiocatalysis holds great promise toward the development of sustainable and environmentally friendly processes, harnessing light to drive biocatalytic reactions. However, photobiocatalysis at the interface of insoluble substrates, such as cellulose, has not been studied in much detail. In this context, the catalytic enhancement of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) by light is of great interest to the biorefinery field due to their capacity to oxidatively cleave such recalcitrant polysaccharides which can facilitate the degradation of lignocellulose. It has previously been reported that light-driven LPMO reactions have a huge catalytic potential, but effective continuous illumination in reactors may be challenging. Therefore, we investigated the impact of intermittent illumination. We show that illumination intervals as short as 1 s/min enable LPMO catalysis on phosphoric acid-swollen cellulose (PASC) to the same level as continuous illumination. Additionally, time-resolved measurements indicate that reductant depletion, and not enzyme inactivation, limits light-driven LPMO reactions. This study shows that a 60-fold reduction in illumination time enhances LPMO catalysis while protecting reaction elements, e.g., the reductant. Most importantly, the significant enhancement of LPMO catalysis with minimal and intermittent illumination is promising toward an application of photobiocatalytic depolymerization of lignocellulose where shading and light scattering minimize light availability and continuity.

Original languageEnglish
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering
Issue number25
Pages (from-to)9301-9310
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Photobiocatalysis, Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases, Cellulose oxidation, Intermittent light, Reactive oxygen species (ROS), Photosensitizer, Chlorophyllin, CELLULOSE, COPPER, DEGRADATION, OXIDATION, ENZYMES

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