Novel monohydroxamate drugs attenuate myocardial reperfusion-induced arrhythmias

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The novel monohydroxamates N-methyl hexanoylhydroxamic acid, N-methyl acetohydroxamic acid, and N-methyl butyrohydroxamic acid have antioxidant and iron chelating properties. They attenuated reperfusion-induced contractile dysfunction following long periods of ischaemia (50 min) in the isolated rat heart. Here we compare their effects and that of the trihydroxamate desferrioxamine on reperfusion-induced arrhythmias following short duration ischaemia (10 min). Isolated rat hearts were perfused by the Langendorff method, subjected to regional ischaemia and reperfusion. Arrhythmias induced during the first 5 min of reperfusion were quantified. Drugs (all at 150 microM) were introduced during the last 2 min of ischaemia and remained throughout reperfusion. Although the monohydroxamate- and desferrioxamine-treated hearts showed a reduction in the incidence of ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation, only the reduction in the incidence of sustained fibrillation ( > 3 min duration) in N-methyl acetohydroxamic acid--(27%), N-methyl hexanoylhydroxamic acid--(27%) and desferrioxamine-treated hearts (20%) was statistically significant (p < 0.05 vs control 73%; n = 15). There was a reduction in the severity of the arrhythmias, manifest as a significant increase in the duration of sinus rhythm in all the monohydroxamate-treated hearts, and a significant reduction (vs control 218 +/- 29 s; mean +/- SEM) in the duration of ventricular fibrillation in hearts treated with N-methyl acetohydroxamic acid (101 +/- 31 s) and desferrioxamine (112 +/- 30 s). This improvement was offset by an increase in the duration of ventricular tachycardia, in hearts treated with N-methyl acetohydroxamic acid, N-methyl butyrohydroxamic acid and desferrioxamine. These results suggest that these novel monohydroxamates, particularly N-methyl acetohydroxamic acid, attenuate reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in this model when introduced during the ischaemic period.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)405-13
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1996

    Research areas

  • Animals, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents, Cardiotonic Agents, Electrocardiography, Hemodynamics, Hydroxamic Acids, In Vitro Techniques, Male, Molecular Structure, Myocardial Contraction, Myocardial Reperfusion Injury, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Ventricular Fibrillation

ID: 138287655