Hypobromous acid and bromamine production by neutrophils and modulation by superoxide

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MPO (myeloperoxidase) catalyses the oxidation of chloride, bromide and thiocyanate to their respective hypohalous acids. We have investigated the generation of HOBr by human neutrophils in the presence of physiological concentrations of chloride and bromide. HOBr was trapped with taurine and detected by monitoring the bromination of 4-HPAA (4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid). With 100 microM bromide and 140 mM chloride, neutrophils generated HOBr and it accounted for approx. 13% of the hypohalous acids they produced. Addition of SOD (superoxide dismutase) doubled the amount of HOBr detected. Therefore we investigated the reaction of superoxide radicals with a range of bromamines and bromamides and found that superoxide radicals stimulated the decomposition of these species, with this occurring in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The protection afforded by SOD against such decay demonstrates that these processes are superoxide-radical-dependent. These data are consistent with neutrophils generating HOBr at sites of infection and inflammation. Both HOBr and bromamines/bromamides have the potential to react with superoxide radicals to form additional radicals that may contribute to inflammatory tissue damage.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)773-81
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Bromates, Bromides, Humans, Neutrophils, Phenylacetates, Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization, Superoxide Dismutase, Superoxides, Taurine

ID: 129670548