Green Tea Extract Decreases Arg-Derived Advanced Glycation Endproducts but Not Lys-Derived AGEs in UHT Milk during 1-Year Storage
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)-enriched green tea extract (GTE) was added to lactose-reduced UHT-treated milk to evaluate its role in perturbing the Maillard reaction and the formation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) during 1-year storage. The UHT processing caused epimerization of EGCG into gallocatechin gallate (GCG). For milk samples with added 0.1% w/v GTE, a EGCG/GCG loss of 26% was found soon after the UHT treatment and the loss increased to 64% after the 1-year of storage. LC-MS/MS analysis revealed the presence of various EGCG/GCG-α-dicarbonyl adducts and EGCG/GCG-hydroxymethylfurfural adducts in milk samples, while EGCG/GCG-amino acid adducts were not detected. Although EGCG/GCG trapped α-dicarbonyl compounds including glyoxal, methylglyoxal, 3-deoxyglucosone/3-deoxygalactosone, and diacetyl, it did not lower their net steady-state concentrations, except of 3-deoxyglucosone. The addition of GTE reduced the formation of Arg-derived AGEs by 2- to 3-fold, but surprisingly enhanced the accumulation of furosine and lysine-derived AGEs [Nϵ-(carboxymethyl)lysine and Nϵ-(carboxyethyl)lysine)] by 2-4-fold depending on the concentration of the added GTE and storage time. The present study shows that trapping of α-dicarbonyl compounds by EGCG may not be the major pathway for inhibiting the formation of AGEs in milk.
|Journal||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2020|
- catechins, flavonoids, Maillard inhibitors, methylglyoxal, non-enzymatic glycation, nonenzymatic glycosylation