Electrocardiography and heart rate variability in Göttingen Minipigs: Impact of diurnal variation, lead placement, repeatability and streptozotocin-induced diabetes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Fulltext

    Final published version, 1.17 MB, PDF document

BACKGROUND: The Göttingen Minipig is widely used in preclinical research and safety pharmacology, but standardisation of porcine electrocardiography (ECG) is lacking. The aim of this study was to investigate diurnal effects, change over time and choice of lead on ECG morphology and heart rate variability (HRV) in healthy and streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic Göttingen Minipigs.

METHODS: Diabetes was experimentally induced using STZ in 11 Göttingen Minipigs (DIA). Seven controls (CON) were included. 24-h ECG was recorded at baseline and four months. Morphological parameters (QRS and T wave duration, P- and T-wave amplitude, PR and QT (Bazett's (QTcb) or Fridericia (QTcf) correction) intervals and ST segment), presence of cardiac arrhythmias, heart rate (HR) and HRV (time and frequency domain) were analysed.

RESULTS: Four months after induction, DIA had decreased P-wave amplitude (P < 0.0001) and T-wave duration (P = 0.017), compared to CON. QTcb was lower in DIA, but not in CON. Both groups had decreased HR (P < 0.0001) and QRS duration (lead II, P = 0.04) and length of PR-segment increased (lead I and II, P < 0.01) while selected HRV parameters also increased (all P < 0.01). Time of day influenced HR, QRS duration, PR segment, ST segment, T- and P-wave amplitude and some parameters of HRV. Inter- and intra-observer variability of morphological measurements was low (<6%).

CONCLUSION: ECG parameters were influenced by time setting, diurnal variation and lead. Some ECG and HRV changes were found in diabetic minipigs four months after STZ induction. The findings underline the need for standardisation of ECG and HRV in Göttingen Minipigs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107221
JournalJournal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and www.ku.dk

No data available

ID: 320311541