Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes.

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Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes. / Deacon, Carolyn F; Holst, Jens J.

In: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, Vol. 38, No. 5-6, 2005, p. 831-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Deacon, CF & Holst, JJ 2005, 'Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes.', International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, vol. 38, no. 5-6, pp. 831-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011

APA

Deacon, C. F., & Holst, J. J. (2005). Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 38(5-6), 831-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011

Vancouver

Deacon CF, Holst JJ. Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. 2005;38(5-6):831-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011

Author

Deacon, Carolyn F ; Holst, Jens J. / Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes. In: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology. 2005 ; Vol. 38, No. 5-6. pp. 831-44.

Bibtex

@article{a8bfec70ab4b11ddb5e9000ea68e967b,
title = "Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes.",
abstract = "Glucagon-like peptide-1 is an insulinotropic hormone with antidiabetic potential due to its spectrum of effects, which include glucose-dependent stimulation of insulin and inhibition of glucagon secretion, tropic effects on the pancreatic beta-cells, inhibition of gastric emptying and the reduction of appetite. Glucagon-like peptide-1 is, however, extremely rapidly inactivated by the serine peptidase, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, so that the native peptide is not useful clinically. A new approach to utilise the beneficial effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 in the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been the development of orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that this approach is effective in enhancing endogenous levels of glucagon-like peptide-1, resulting in improved glucose tolerance in glucose-intolerant and diabetic animal models. In recent studies of 3-12 months duration in patients with type 2 diabetes, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors have proved efficacious, both as monotherapy and when given in combination with metformin. Fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations were reduced, leading to reductions in glycosylated haemoglobin levels, while beta-cell function was preserved. Current information suggests dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are body weight neutral and are well tolerated. A number of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are now in the late stages of clinical development. These have different properties, in terms of their duration of action and anticipated dosing frequency, but data from protracted dosing studies is presently not available to allow comparison of their clinical efficacy.",
author = "Deacon, {Carolyn F} and Holst, {Jens J}",
note = "Keywords: Antigens, CD26; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Glucagon-Like Peptide 1; Humans; Protease Inhibitors",
year = "2005",
doi = "10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "831--44",
journal = "International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology",
issn = "1357-2725",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "5-6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors: a promising new therapeutic approach for the management of type 2 diabetes.

AU - Deacon, Carolyn F

AU - Holst, Jens J

N1 - Keywords: Antigens, CD26; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2; Glucagon-Like Peptide 1; Humans; Protease Inhibitors

PY - 2005

Y1 - 2005

N2 - Glucagon-like peptide-1 is an insulinotropic hormone with antidiabetic potential due to its spectrum of effects, which include glucose-dependent stimulation of insulin and inhibition of glucagon secretion, tropic effects on the pancreatic beta-cells, inhibition of gastric emptying and the reduction of appetite. Glucagon-like peptide-1 is, however, extremely rapidly inactivated by the serine peptidase, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, so that the native peptide is not useful clinically. A new approach to utilise the beneficial effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 in the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been the development of orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that this approach is effective in enhancing endogenous levels of glucagon-like peptide-1, resulting in improved glucose tolerance in glucose-intolerant and diabetic animal models. In recent studies of 3-12 months duration in patients with type 2 diabetes, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors have proved efficacious, both as monotherapy and when given in combination with metformin. Fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations were reduced, leading to reductions in glycosylated haemoglobin levels, while beta-cell function was preserved. Current information suggests dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are body weight neutral and are well tolerated. A number of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are now in the late stages of clinical development. These have different properties, in terms of their duration of action and anticipated dosing frequency, but data from protracted dosing studies is presently not available to allow comparison of their clinical efficacy.

AB - Glucagon-like peptide-1 is an insulinotropic hormone with antidiabetic potential due to its spectrum of effects, which include glucose-dependent stimulation of insulin and inhibition of glucagon secretion, tropic effects on the pancreatic beta-cells, inhibition of gastric emptying and the reduction of appetite. Glucagon-like peptide-1 is, however, extremely rapidly inactivated by the serine peptidase, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, so that the native peptide is not useful clinically. A new approach to utilise the beneficial effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 in the treatment of type 2 diabetes has been the development of orally active dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that this approach is effective in enhancing endogenous levels of glucagon-like peptide-1, resulting in improved glucose tolerance in glucose-intolerant and diabetic animal models. In recent studies of 3-12 months duration in patients with type 2 diabetes, dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors have proved efficacious, both as monotherapy and when given in combination with metformin. Fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations were reduced, leading to reductions in glycosylated haemoglobin levels, while beta-cell function was preserved. Current information suggests dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are body weight neutral and are well tolerated. A number of dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitors are now in the late stages of clinical development. These have different properties, in terms of their duration of action and anticipated dosing frequency, but data from protracted dosing studies is presently not available to allow comparison of their clinical efficacy.

U2 - 10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011

DO - 10.1016/j.biocel.2005.09.011

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 16242377

VL - 38

SP - 831

EP - 844

JO - International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology

JF - International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology

SN - 1357-2725

IS - 5-6

ER -

ID: 8417215