Competitive kinetics as a tool to determine rate constants for reduction of ferrylmyoglobin by food components

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Competitive kinetics were applied as a tool to determine apparent rate constants for the reduction of hypervalent haem pigment ferrylmyoglobin (MbFe(IV)=O) by proteins and phenols in aqueous solution of pH 7.4 and I = 1.0 at 25 °C. Reduction of MbFe(IV)=O by a myofibrillar protein isolate (MPI) from pork resulted in kMPI = 2.2 ± 0.1 × 104 M-1 s-1. Blocking of the protein thiol groups on the MPI by N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) markedly reduced this rate constant to kMPI-NEM = 1.3 ± 0.4 × 103 M-1 s-1 consistent with a key role for the Cys residues on MPI as targets for haem protein-mediated oxidation. This approach allows determination of apparent rate constants for the oxidation of proteins by haem proteins of relevance to food oxidation and should be applicable to other systems. A similar approach has provided approximate apparent rate constants for the reduction of MbFe(IV)=O by catechin and green tea extracts, though possible confounding reactions need to be considered. These kinetic data suggest that small molar excesses of some plant extracts relative to the MPI thiol concentration should afford significant protection against MbFe(IV)=O-mediated oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Chemistry
Pages (from-to)36-41
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2016

    Research areas

  • ABTS, Competitive kinetics, Ferrylmyoglobin, Myofibrillar proteins, Phenols, Plant extracts

ID: 152247662