Coherence as a measure of noise in the ECG

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The 12-lead ECG can be described as the projection of a time-varying dipole on the lead vectors. This dipole-source assumption implies that the different leads must show a high coherence and that deviations from values close to unity may indicate the presence of noise. We evaluated the average coherence in the band of 5 Hz to 45 Hz in 309 ECGs and compared the coherence measure with an automatic out-of-band noise evaluation, quantified at a scale from 0 (clean) to 10 (very noisy). The generalized magnitude squared coherence (GMSC), which is a global measure of the linear relationships among the leads, was used. A high coherence (GMSC> 0. 95) was always associated with very low noise (level 0 or 1) and 0.9<GMSC<0.95 was associated with levels 0-2. For noise levels > 2 the GMSC was <0.87 in all cases. There were no cases of high noise level and a high coherence, however, in 32% of the cases with noise level 0 or 1 the GMSC was <0.8. For low-noise ECGs the GMSC is close to unity, with a good correlation between noise level and GMSC for normal ECGs. However, a low coherence also seems to be associated with abnormalities in the ECG, which will be subject for further study.

Original languageEnglish
JournalComputing in Cardiology
Pages (from-to)37-40
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event41st Computing in Cardiology Conference, CinC 2014 - Cambridge, United States
Duration: 7 Sep 201410 Sep 2014


Conference41st Computing in Cardiology Conference, CinC 2014
CountryUnited States
Sponsoret al., IEEE/EMBS, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mortara, Philips, PhysioNet

ID: 204298447