Cardioversion strategy impacts rate control during recurrences in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: A subanalysis of the RACE 7 ACWAS trial

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  • Rachel M.J. van der Velden
  • Nikki A.H.A. Pluymaekers
  • Elton A.M.P. Dudink
  • Justin G.L.M. Luermans
  • Joan G. Meeder
  • Wilfred F. Heesen
  • Timo Lenderink
  • Jos W.M.G. Widdershoven
  • Jeroen J.J. Bucx
  • Michiel Rienstra
  • Otto Kamp
  • Jurren M. van Opstal
  • Charles J.H.J. Kirchhof
  • Vincent F. van Dijk
  • Henk P. Swart
  • Marco Alings
  • Isabelle C. Van Gelder
  • Harry J.G.M. Crijns
  • Dr Linz, Dominik Karl

Background: In the Rate Control versus Electrical Cardioversion Trial 7–Acute Cardioversion versus Wait and See, patients with recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) were randomized to either early or delayed cardioversion. Aim: This prespecified sub-analysis aimed to evaluate heart rate during AF recurrences after an emergency department (ED) visit identified by an electrocardiogram (ECG)-based handheld device. Methods: After the ED visit, included patients (n = 437) were asked to use an ECG-based handheld device to monitor for recurrences during the 4-week follow-up period. 335 patients used the handheld device and were included in this analysis. Recordings from the device were collected and assessed for heart rhythm and rate. Optimal rate control was defined as a target resting heart rate of <110 beats per minute (bpm). Results: In 99 patients (29.6%, mean age 67 ± 10 years, 39.4% female, median 6 [3–12] AF recordings) a total of 314 AF recurrences (median 2 [1–3] per patient) were identified during follow-up. The average median resting heart rate at recurrence was 100 ± 21 bpm in the delayed vs 112 ± 25 bpm in the early cardioversion group (p =.011). Optimal rate control was seen in 68.4% [21.3%–100%] and 33.3% [0%–77.5%] of recordings (p =.01), respectively. Randomization group [coefficient −12.09 (−20.55 to −3.63, p =.006) for delayed vs. early cardioversion] and heart rate on index ECG [coefficient 0.46 (0.29–0.63, p <.001) per bpm increase] were identified on multivariable analysis as factors associated with lower median heart rate during AF recurrences. Conclusion: A delayed cardioversion strategy translated into a favorable heart rate profile during AF recurrences.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24161
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number1
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors. Clinical Cardiology published by Wiley Periodicals, LLC.

    Research areas

  • acute management, atrial fibrillation, cardioversion, mobile health, rate control

ID: 374314780