Association between plasma apolipoprotein M and cardiac autonomic neuropathy in type 1 diabetes
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
Aim: Diabetes may lead to severe complications e.g. cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) characterized by an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. CAN is diagnosed by a decreased heart rate viability (HRV). Sphingosine-1-Phosphate (S1P) carried by the HDL-associated apolipoprotein M (apoM) is linked to a reduction in the heart rate, and treatment with an S1P-agonist increases HRV. The present study aimed to investigate if plasma apoM was associated with an increased risk of CAN. Methods: The study includes 278 individuals with Type 1 Diabetes recruited from Steno Diabetes Center in Copenhagen from 2010 to 2012. Results: A change of 0.1 µM plasma apoM was associated with the diagnosis of CAN (Odds ratio: 1.11 (1.02; 1.21), p = 0.013). ApoM plasma levels were also positively associated with CAN when adjusted for age and gender (Odds ratio: 1.11 (1.02; 1.21), p = 0.013) as well as lipids, beta-blockers, blood pressure, and alcohol (Odds ratio: 1.14 (1.04; 1.26), p = 0.005) and Hbga1c and time with diabetes (Odds ratio: 1.13 (1.02; 1.25), p = 0.01). Plasma apoM was also associated with a significantly lower SDNN as well as high frequency power in all adjusted models. Conclusion: Increased plasma apoM was associated with an increased risk of CAN as well as a significant reduction in HRV indices. This could represent changes in parasympathetic activity, but, further studies are needed to also explore additional molecular alterations behind such observations.
|Journal||Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.
- Apolipoprotein M, Cardiac autonomic neuropathy, Sphingosine-1-phosphate