Ultrastructure of the endolymphatic duct in the rat. Fixation and preservation

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Ten rats were vascular-perfused at subphysiologic as well as physiologic pressures, 80 mmHg and 120 mmHg, respectively, employing a pressure feed-back controlled peristaltic pump and an isotonic perfusate/fixative with colloids (2% Dextran) and a hypertonic perfusate/fixative without colloids, 300 and 530 mOsm, respectively. In both experiments the endolymphatic duct and sac were isolated by microdissection after primary fixation. When comparing micrographs from the two experiments we observed that rats perfused at low pressure in isotonic fixative with colloids added had non-dilated lateral intercellular spaces and a subepithelial ground substance loaded with uniformly arranged microfibrils, not previously discovered. In rats perfused at high pressure in hypertonic fixative with no colloids added, we observed an edematous state in the subepithelial space between the solid bony aqueduct and the endolymphatic duct, with a concomitant derangement of previously well organized microfibrils. Furthermore, the epithelium was quite clearly displaced from the capillaries, the intercellular spaces were widely dilated and the endolymphatic duct was compressed into its lumen. Methods of fixation and current theories of endolymph resorption by the endolymphatic duct are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesActa Oto-Laryngologica. Supplement
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)731-40
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1993

    Research areas

  • Animals, Endolymphatic Duct, Histological Techniques, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Tissue Fixation, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 176771188