Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima. / Belli, Sabina I; Wallach, Michael G; Luxford, Catherine; Davies, Michael Jonathan; Smith, Nicholas C.

In: Eukaryotic Cell (Online Edition), Vol. 2, No. 3, 06.2003, p. 456-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Belli, SI, Wallach, MG, Luxford, C, Davies, MJ & Smith, NC 2003, 'Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima', Eukaryotic Cell (Online Edition), vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 456-64.

APA

Belli, S. I., Wallach, M. G., Luxford, C., Davies, M. J., & Smith, N. C. (2003). Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima. Eukaryotic Cell (Online Edition), 2(3), 456-64.

Vancouver

Belli SI, Wallach MG, Luxford C, Davies MJ, Smith NC. Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima. Eukaryotic Cell (Online Edition). 2003 Jun;2(3):456-64.

Author

Belli, Sabina I ; Wallach, Michael G ; Luxford, Catherine ; Davies, Michael Jonathan ; Smith, Nicholas C. / Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima. In: Eukaryotic Cell (Online Edition). 2003 ; Vol. 2, No. 3. pp. 456-64.

Bibtex

@article{26006d1fd63f4ba9b37ae4a5a02be4ca,
title = "Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima",
abstract = "The oocyst wall of apicomplexan parasites protects them from the harsh external environment, preserving their survival prior to transmission to the next host. If oocyst wall formation could be disrupted, then logically, the cycle of disease transmission could be stopped, and strategies to control infection by several organisms of medical and veterinary importance such as Eimeria, Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, Cyclospora, and Neospora could be developed. Here, we show that two tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins, gam56 and gam82, found in specialized organelles (wall-forming bodies) in the sexual stage (macrogamete) of Eimeria maxima are proteolytically processed into smaller glycoproteins, which are then incorporated into the developing oocyst wall. The identification of high concentrations of dityrosine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) in oocyst extracts by high-pressure liquid chromatography, together with the detection of a UV autofluorescence in intact oocysts, implicates dityrosine- and possibly DOPA-protein cross-links in oocyst wall hardening. In addition, the identification of peroxidase activity in the wall-forming bodies of macrogametes supports the hypothesis that dityrosine- and DOPA-mediated cross-linking might be an enzyme-catalyzed event. As such, the mechanism of oocyst wall formation in Eimeria, is analogous to the underlying mechanisms involved in the stabilization of extracellular matrices in a number of organisms, widely distributed in nature, including insect resilin, nematode cuticles, yeast cell walls, mussel byssal threads, and sea urchin fertilization membranes.",
keywords = "Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Chickens, Cross-Linking Reagents, Dihydroxyphenylalanine, Eimeria, Epitopes, Glycoproteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Weight, Oocysts, Protein Precursors, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Protozoan Proteins, Tyrosine",
author = "Belli, {Sabina I} and Wallach, {Michael G} and Catherine Luxford and Davies, {Michael Jonathan} and Smith, {Nicholas C}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "456--64",
journal = "mSphere",
issn = "2379-5042",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Roles of tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins and dityrosine- and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-mediated protein cross-linking in development of the oocyst wall in the coccidian parasite Eimeria maxima

AU - Belli, Sabina I

AU - Wallach, Michael G

AU - Luxford, Catherine

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

AU - Smith, Nicholas C

PY - 2003/6

Y1 - 2003/6

N2 - The oocyst wall of apicomplexan parasites protects them from the harsh external environment, preserving their survival prior to transmission to the next host. If oocyst wall formation could be disrupted, then logically, the cycle of disease transmission could be stopped, and strategies to control infection by several organisms of medical and veterinary importance such as Eimeria, Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, Cyclospora, and Neospora could be developed. Here, we show that two tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins, gam56 and gam82, found in specialized organelles (wall-forming bodies) in the sexual stage (macrogamete) of Eimeria maxima are proteolytically processed into smaller glycoproteins, which are then incorporated into the developing oocyst wall. The identification of high concentrations of dityrosine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) in oocyst extracts by high-pressure liquid chromatography, together with the detection of a UV autofluorescence in intact oocysts, implicates dityrosine- and possibly DOPA-protein cross-links in oocyst wall hardening. In addition, the identification of peroxidase activity in the wall-forming bodies of macrogametes supports the hypothesis that dityrosine- and DOPA-mediated cross-linking might be an enzyme-catalyzed event. As such, the mechanism of oocyst wall formation in Eimeria, is analogous to the underlying mechanisms involved in the stabilization of extracellular matrices in a number of organisms, widely distributed in nature, including insect resilin, nematode cuticles, yeast cell walls, mussel byssal threads, and sea urchin fertilization membranes.

AB - The oocyst wall of apicomplexan parasites protects them from the harsh external environment, preserving their survival prior to transmission to the next host. If oocyst wall formation could be disrupted, then logically, the cycle of disease transmission could be stopped, and strategies to control infection by several organisms of medical and veterinary importance such as Eimeria, Plasmodium, Toxoplasma, Cyclospora, and Neospora could be developed. Here, we show that two tyrosine-rich precursor glycoproteins, gam56 and gam82, found in specialized organelles (wall-forming bodies) in the sexual stage (macrogamete) of Eimeria maxima are proteolytically processed into smaller glycoproteins, which are then incorporated into the developing oocyst wall. The identification of high concentrations of dityrosine and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) in oocyst extracts by high-pressure liquid chromatography, together with the detection of a UV autofluorescence in intact oocysts, implicates dityrosine- and possibly DOPA-protein cross-links in oocyst wall hardening. In addition, the identification of peroxidase activity in the wall-forming bodies of macrogametes supports the hypothesis that dityrosine- and DOPA-mediated cross-linking might be an enzyme-catalyzed event. As such, the mechanism of oocyst wall formation in Eimeria, is analogous to the underlying mechanisms involved in the stabilization of extracellular matrices in a number of organisms, widely distributed in nature, including insect resilin, nematode cuticles, yeast cell walls, mussel byssal threads, and sea urchin fertilization membranes.

KW - Amino Acid Sequence

KW - Animals

KW - Antibodies, Monoclonal

KW - Chickens

KW - Cross-Linking Reagents

KW - Dihydroxyphenylalanine

KW - Eimeria

KW - Epitopes

KW - Glycoproteins

KW - Molecular Sequence Data

KW - Molecular Weight

KW - Oocysts

KW - Protein Precursors

KW - Protein Structure, Tertiary

KW - Protozoan Proteins

KW - Tyrosine

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12796290

VL - 2

SP - 456

EP - 464

JO - mSphere

JF - mSphere

SN - 2379-5042

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 138275750