Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome

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Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome. / Boon, Ai-Ching; Hawkins, Clare L; Bisht, Kavita; Coombes, Jeff S; Bakrania, Bhavisha; Wagner, Karl-Heinz; Bulmer, Andrew C.

In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine, Vol. 52, No. 10, 15.05.2012, p. 2120-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Boon, A-C, Hawkins, CL, Bisht, K, Coombes, JS, Bakrania, B, Wagner, K-H & Bulmer, AC 2012, 'Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome', Free Radical Biology & Medicine, vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2120-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002

APA

Boon, A-C., Hawkins, C. L., Bisht, K., Coombes, J. S., Bakrania, B., Wagner, K-H., & Bulmer, A. C. (2012). Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 52(10), 2120-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002

Vancouver

Boon A-C, Hawkins CL, Bisht K, Coombes JS, Bakrania B, Wagner K-H et al. Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 2012 May 15;52(10):2120-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002

Author

Boon, Ai-Ching ; Hawkins, Clare L ; Bisht, Kavita ; Coombes, Jeff S ; Bakrania, Bhavisha ; Wagner, Karl-Heinz ; Bulmer, Andrew C. / Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome. In: Free Radical Biology & Medicine. 2012 ; Vol. 52, No. 10. pp. 2120-7.

Bibtex

@article{7f87104a30564f8d88ee228a055df9ed,
title = "Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome",
abstract = "A protective association between bilirubin and atherosclerosis/ischemic heart disease clearly exists in vivo. However, the relationship between bilirubin and in vivo oxidative stress parameters in a clinical population remains poorly described. The aim of this study was to assess whether persons expressing Gilbert syndrome (GS; i.e., unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) are protected from thiol oxidation and to determine if this, in addition to their improved lipoprotein profile, could explain reduced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) status in them. Forty-four matched GS and control subjects were recruited and blood was prepared for the analysis of lipid profile and multiple plasma antioxidants and measures of oxidative stress. GS subjects possessed elevated plasma reduced thiol (8.03±1.09 versus 6.75±1.39 nmol/mg protein; P<0.01) and glutathione concentrations (12.7±2.39 versus 9.44±2.45 μM; P<0.001). Oxidative stress status (reduced:oxidized glutathione; GSH:GSSG) was significantly improved in GS (0.49±0.16 versus 0.32±0.12; P<0.001). and associated bilirubin carbonyl concentrations in lower negatively persons protein significantly were with>40 μM bilirubin versus controls (<17.1 μmol/L; P<0.05). Furthermore, absolute oxLDL concentrations were significantly lower in GS subjects (P<0.05). Forward stepwise regression analysis revealed that bilirubin was associated with increased GSH:GSSG ratio and reduced thiol concentrations, which, in addition to reduced circulating LDL, probably decreased oxLDL concentrations within the cohort. In addition, a marked reduction in total cholesterol concentrations in hyperbilirubinemic Gunn rats is presented (Gunn 0.57±0.09 versus control 1.69±0.40 mmol/L; P<0.001), arguing for a novel role for bilirubin in modulating lipid status in vivo. These findings implicate the physiological importance of bilirubin in protecting from atherosclerosis by reducing thiol and subsequent lipoprotein oxidation, in addition to reducing circulating LDL concentrations.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Adult, Animals, Antioxidants, Atherosclerosis, Bilirubin, Cholesterol, Cohort Studies, Female, Gilbert Disease, Glutathione, Humans, Lipids, Lipoproteins, LDL, Male, Middle Aged, Oxidative Stress, Rats, Sulfhydryl Compounds, Young Adult, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Ai-Ching Boon and Hawkins, {Clare L} and Kavita Bisht and Coombes, {Jeff S} and Bhavisha Bakrania and Karl-Heinz Wagner and Bulmer, {Andrew C}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002",
language = "English",
volume = "52",
pages = "2120--7",
journal = "Free Radical Biology & Medicine",
issn = "0891-5849",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reduced circulating oxidized LDL is associated with hypocholesterolemia and enhanced thiol status in Gilbert syndrome

AU - Boon, Ai-Ching

AU - Hawkins, Clare L

AU - Bisht, Kavita

AU - Coombes, Jeff S

AU - Bakrania, Bhavisha

AU - Wagner, Karl-Heinz

AU - Bulmer, Andrew C

N1 - Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012/5/15

Y1 - 2012/5/15

N2 - A protective association between bilirubin and atherosclerosis/ischemic heart disease clearly exists in vivo. However, the relationship between bilirubin and in vivo oxidative stress parameters in a clinical population remains poorly described. The aim of this study was to assess whether persons expressing Gilbert syndrome (GS; i.e., unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) are protected from thiol oxidation and to determine if this, in addition to their improved lipoprotein profile, could explain reduced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) status in them. Forty-four matched GS and control subjects were recruited and blood was prepared for the analysis of lipid profile and multiple plasma antioxidants and measures of oxidative stress. GS subjects possessed elevated plasma reduced thiol (8.03±1.09 versus 6.75±1.39 nmol/mg protein; P<0.01) and glutathione concentrations (12.7±2.39 versus 9.44±2.45 μM; P<0.001). Oxidative stress status (reduced:oxidized glutathione; GSH:GSSG) was significantly improved in GS (0.49±0.16 versus 0.32±0.12; P<0.001). and associated bilirubin carbonyl concentrations in lower negatively persons protein significantly were with>40 μM bilirubin versus controls (<17.1 μmol/L; P<0.05). Furthermore, absolute oxLDL concentrations were significantly lower in GS subjects (P<0.05). Forward stepwise regression analysis revealed that bilirubin was associated with increased GSH:GSSG ratio and reduced thiol concentrations, which, in addition to reduced circulating LDL, probably decreased oxLDL concentrations within the cohort. In addition, a marked reduction in total cholesterol concentrations in hyperbilirubinemic Gunn rats is presented (Gunn 0.57±0.09 versus control 1.69±0.40 mmol/L; P<0.001), arguing for a novel role for bilirubin in modulating lipid status in vivo. These findings implicate the physiological importance of bilirubin in protecting from atherosclerosis by reducing thiol and subsequent lipoprotein oxidation, in addition to reducing circulating LDL concentrations.

AB - A protective association between bilirubin and atherosclerosis/ischemic heart disease clearly exists in vivo. However, the relationship between bilirubin and in vivo oxidative stress parameters in a clinical population remains poorly described. The aim of this study was to assess whether persons expressing Gilbert syndrome (GS; i.e., unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia) are protected from thiol oxidation and to determine if this, in addition to their improved lipoprotein profile, could explain reduced oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) status in them. Forty-four matched GS and control subjects were recruited and blood was prepared for the analysis of lipid profile and multiple plasma antioxidants and measures of oxidative stress. GS subjects possessed elevated plasma reduced thiol (8.03±1.09 versus 6.75±1.39 nmol/mg protein; P<0.01) and glutathione concentrations (12.7±2.39 versus 9.44±2.45 μM; P<0.001). Oxidative stress status (reduced:oxidized glutathione; GSH:GSSG) was significantly improved in GS (0.49±0.16 versus 0.32±0.12; P<0.001). and associated bilirubin carbonyl concentrations in lower negatively persons protein significantly were with>40 μM bilirubin versus controls (<17.1 μmol/L; P<0.05). Furthermore, absolute oxLDL concentrations were significantly lower in GS subjects (P<0.05). Forward stepwise regression analysis revealed that bilirubin was associated with increased GSH:GSSG ratio and reduced thiol concentrations, which, in addition to reduced circulating LDL, probably decreased oxLDL concentrations within the cohort. In addition, a marked reduction in total cholesterol concentrations in hyperbilirubinemic Gunn rats is presented (Gunn 0.57±0.09 versus control 1.69±0.40 mmol/L; P<0.001), arguing for a novel role for bilirubin in modulating lipid status in vivo. These findings implicate the physiological importance of bilirubin in protecting from atherosclerosis by reducing thiol and subsequent lipoprotein oxidation, in addition to reducing circulating LDL concentrations.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Adult

KW - Animals

KW - Antioxidants

KW - Atherosclerosis

KW - Bilirubin

KW - Cholesterol

KW - Cohort Studies

KW - Female

KW - Gilbert Disease

KW - Glutathione

KW - Humans

KW - Lipids

KW - Lipoproteins, LDL

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Oxidative Stress

KW - Rats

KW - Sulfhydryl Compounds

KW - Young Adult

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2012.03.002

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22521902

VL - 52

SP - 2120

EP - 2127

JO - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 174497231