Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs

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Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs. / Deacon, C F; Wamberg, S; Bie, P; Hughes, T E; Holst, Jens Juul.

In: Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 172, No. 2, 02.2002, p. 355-62.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Deacon, CF, Wamberg, S, Bie, P, Hughes, TE & Holst, JJ 2002, 'Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs', Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 172, no. 2, pp. 355-62.

APA

Deacon, C. F., Wamberg, S., Bie, P., Hughes, T. E., & Holst, J. J. (2002). Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs. Journal of Endocrinology, 172(2), 355-62.

Vancouver

Deacon CF, Wamberg S, Bie P, Hughes TE, Holst JJ. Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs. Journal of Endocrinology. 2002 Feb;172(2):355-62.

Author

Deacon, C F ; Wamberg, S ; Bie, P ; Hughes, T E ; Holst, Jens Juul. / Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs. In: Journal of Endocrinology. 2002 ; Vol. 172, No. 2. pp. 355-62.

Bibtex

@article{120cb62855fa48349a26cdd46f98091e,
title = "Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs",
abstract = "The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV), thereby losing insulinotropic activity. DPP IV inhibition reduces exogenous GLP-1 degradation, but the extent of endogenous incretin protection has not been fully assessed, largely because suitable assays which distinguish between intact and degraded peptides have been unavailable. Using newly developed assays for intact GLP-1 and GIP, the effect of DPP IV inhibition on incretin hormone metabolism was examined. Conscious dogs were given NVP-DPP728, a specific DPP IV inhibitor, at a dose that inhibited over 90{\%} of plasma DPP IV for the first 90 min following treatment. Total and intact incretin concentrations increased (P<0.0001) following a mixed meal, but on control days (vehicle infusion), intact peptide concentrations were lower (P<0.01) than total peptide concentrations (22.6 +/- 1.2{\%} intact GIP; 10.1 +/- 0.4{\%} intact GLP-1). Following inhibitor treatment, the proportion of intact peptide increased (92.5 +/- 4.3{\%} intact GIP, P<0.0001; 99.0 +/- 22.6{\%} intact GLP-1, P<0.02). Active (intact) incretins increased after NVP-DPP728 (from 4797 +/- 364 to 10 649 +/- 106 pM x min for GIP, P<0.03; from 646 +/- 134 to 2822 +/- 528 pM x m in for GLP-1, P<0.05). In contrast, total incretins fell (from 21 632 +/- 654 to 12 084 +/- 1723 pM x min for GIP, P<0.002; from 5145 +/- 677 to 3060 +/- 601 pM x min for GLP-1, P<0.05). Plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon concentrations were unaltered by the inhibitor. We have concluded that DPP IV inhibition with NVP-DPP728 prevents N-terminal degradation of endogenous incretins in vivo, resulting in increased plasma concentrations of intact, biologically active GIP and GLP-1. Total incretin secretion was reduced by DPP IV inhibition, suggesting the possibility of a feedback mechanism.",
keywords = "Animals, Area Under Curve, Blood Glucose, Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4, Dogs, Eating, Enzyme Inhibitors, Female, Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Nitriles, Peptide Fragments, Protein Precursors, Pyrrolidines",
author = "Deacon, {C F} and S Wamberg and P Bie and Hughes, {T E} and Holst, {Jens Juul}",
year = "2002",
month = "2",
language = "English",
volume = "172",
pages = "355--62",
journal = "Journal of Endocrinology",
issn = "0022-0795",
publisher = "BioScientifica Ltd.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preservation of active incretin hormones by inhibition of dipeptidyl peptidase IV suppresses meal-induced incretin secretion in dogs

AU - Deacon, C F

AU - Wamberg, S

AU - Bie, P

AU - Hughes, T E

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

PY - 2002/2

Y1 - 2002/2

N2 - The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV), thereby losing insulinotropic activity. DPP IV inhibition reduces exogenous GLP-1 degradation, but the extent of endogenous incretin protection has not been fully assessed, largely because suitable assays which distinguish between intact and degraded peptides have been unavailable. Using newly developed assays for intact GLP-1 and GIP, the effect of DPP IV inhibition on incretin hormone metabolism was examined. Conscious dogs were given NVP-DPP728, a specific DPP IV inhibitor, at a dose that inhibited over 90% of plasma DPP IV for the first 90 min following treatment. Total and intact incretin concentrations increased (P<0.0001) following a mixed meal, but on control days (vehicle infusion), intact peptide concentrations were lower (P<0.01) than total peptide concentrations (22.6 +/- 1.2% intact GIP; 10.1 +/- 0.4% intact GLP-1). Following inhibitor treatment, the proportion of intact peptide increased (92.5 +/- 4.3% intact GIP, P<0.0001; 99.0 +/- 22.6% intact GLP-1, P<0.02). Active (intact) incretins increased after NVP-DPP728 (from 4797 +/- 364 to 10 649 +/- 106 pM x min for GIP, P<0.03; from 646 +/- 134 to 2822 +/- 528 pM x m in for GLP-1, P<0.05). In contrast, total incretins fell (from 21 632 +/- 654 to 12 084 +/- 1723 pM x min for GIP, P<0.002; from 5145 +/- 677 to 3060 +/- 601 pM x min for GLP-1, P<0.05). Plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon concentrations were unaltered by the inhibitor. We have concluded that DPP IV inhibition with NVP-DPP728 prevents N-terminal degradation of endogenous incretins in vivo, resulting in increased plasma concentrations of intact, biologically active GIP and GLP-1. Total incretin secretion was reduced by DPP IV inhibition, suggesting the possibility of a feedback mechanism.

AB - The incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) are degraded by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV), thereby losing insulinotropic activity. DPP IV inhibition reduces exogenous GLP-1 degradation, but the extent of endogenous incretin protection has not been fully assessed, largely because suitable assays which distinguish between intact and degraded peptides have been unavailable. Using newly developed assays for intact GLP-1 and GIP, the effect of DPP IV inhibition on incretin hormone metabolism was examined. Conscious dogs were given NVP-DPP728, a specific DPP IV inhibitor, at a dose that inhibited over 90% of plasma DPP IV for the first 90 min following treatment. Total and intact incretin concentrations increased (P<0.0001) following a mixed meal, but on control days (vehicle infusion), intact peptide concentrations were lower (P<0.01) than total peptide concentrations (22.6 +/- 1.2% intact GIP; 10.1 +/- 0.4% intact GLP-1). Following inhibitor treatment, the proportion of intact peptide increased (92.5 +/- 4.3% intact GIP, P<0.0001; 99.0 +/- 22.6% intact GLP-1, P<0.02). Active (intact) incretins increased after NVP-DPP728 (from 4797 +/- 364 to 10 649 +/- 106 pM x min for GIP, P<0.03; from 646 +/- 134 to 2822 +/- 528 pM x m in for GLP-1, P<0.05). In contrast, total incretins fell (from 21 632 +/- 654 to 12 084 +/- 1723 pM x min for GIP, P<0.002; from 5145 +/- 677 to 3060 +/- 601 pM x min for GLP-1, P<0.05). Plasma glucose, insulin and glucagon concentrations were unaltered by the inhibitor. We have concluded that DPP IV inhibition with NVP-DPP728 prevents N-terminal degradation of endogenous incretins in vivo, resulting in increased plasma concentrations of intact, biologically active GIP and GLP-1. Total incretin secretion was reduced by DPP IV inhibition, suggesting the possibility of a feedback mechanism.

KW - Animals

KW - Area Under Curve

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4

KW - Dogs

KW - Eating

KW - Enzyme Inhibitors

KW - Female

KW - Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide

KW - Glucagon

KW - Glucagon-Like Peptide 1

KW - Nitriles

KW - Peptide Fragments

KW - Protein Precursors

KW - Pyrrolidines

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 11834453

VL - 172

SP - 355

EP - 362

JO - Journal of Endocrinology

JF - Journal of Endocrinology

SN - 0022-0795

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 132056719