Nitric oxide and nitroxides can act as efficient scavengers of protein-derived free radicals
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Nitric oxide ((*)NO) may act as either a pro-oxidant or an antioxidant in biological systems. Although (*)NO and nitroxide radicals react slowly with most molecules, they react at near diffusion-controlled rates with other radicals and may therefore be efficient protective agents. This study assessed the ability of (*)NO and nitroxides to intercept specific protein-derived radicals and compared the efficacy of these species. Three protein radical systems were investigated as follows: BSA-derived radicals generated via radical transfer from H(2)O(2)-activated horseradish peroxidase, radicals formed on myoglobin via reaction with H(2)O(2), and carbon-centered radicals formed from amino acid hydroperoxides on exposure to Fe(2+)-EDTA. In each case, radicals were generated in the absence or presence of (*)NO or nitroxides of different size and charge. Concentration-dependent loss of the protein radicals was detected by electron paramagnetic resonance with both (*)NO and nitroxides and time-dependent consumption of (*)NO using an (*)NO electrode. The protein oxidation product dityrosine was significantly reduced by (*)NO and nitroxides, and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine levels were reduced by nitroxides but not (*)NO. Overall, these studies demonstrate that (*)NO and nitroxides are efficient near-stoichiometric scavengers of protein radicals and, hence, are potential protective agents against protein oxidation reactions and resulting damage. These reactions show little dependence on nitroxide structure or charge.
|Journal||Chemical Research in Toxicology|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2008|
- Cyclic N-Oxides, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Free Radical Scavengers, Free Radicals, Hydrogen Peroxide, Nitric Oxide, Nitrogen Oxides, Oxidation-Reduction, Proteins