Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men.

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Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men. / Carr, Richard D; Larsen, Marianne O; Winzell, Maria Sörhede; Jelic, Katarina; Lindgren, Ola; Deacon, Carolyn F; Ahrén, Bo.

In: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, Vol. 295, No. 4, 2008, p. E779-84.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Carr, RD, Larsen, MO, Winzell, MS, Jelic, K, Lindgren, O, Deacon, CF & Ahrén, B 2008, 'Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men.', American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, vol. 295, no. 4, pp. E779-84. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008

APA

Carr, R. D., Larsen, M. O., Winzell, M. S., Jelic, K., Lindgren, O., Deacon, C. F., & Ahrén, B. (2008). Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism, 295(4), E779-84. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008

Vancouver

Carr RD, Larsen MO, Winzell MS, Jelic K, Lindgren O, Deacon CF et al. Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men. American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2008;295(4):E779-84. https://doi.org/10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008

Author

Carr, Richard D ; Larsen, Marianne O ; Winzell, Maria Sörhede ; Jelic, Katarina ; Lindgren, Ola ; Deacon, Carolyn F ; Ahrén, Bo. / Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men. In: American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2008 ; Vol. 295, No. 4. pp. E779-84.

Bibtex

@article{9a7b26a0ab4811ddb5e9000ea68e967b,
title = "Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men.",
abstract = "Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) regulate islet function after carbohydrate ingestion. Whether incretin hormones are of importance for islet function after ingestion of noncarbohydrate macronutrients is not known. This study therefore examined integrated incretin and islet hormone responses to ingestion of pure fat (oleic acid; 0.88 g/kg) or protein (milk and egg protein; 2 g/kg) over 5 h in healthy men, aged 20-25 yr (n=12); plain water ingestion served as control. Both intact (active) and total GLP-1 and GIP levels were determined as was plasma activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). Following water ingestion, glucose, insulin, glucagon, GLP-1, and GIP levels and DPP-4 activity were stable during the 5-h study period. Both fat and protein ingestion increased insulin, glucagon, GIP, and GLP-1 levels without affecting glucose levels or DPP-4 activity. The GLP-1 responses were similar after protein and fat, whereas the early (30 min) GIP response was higher after protein than after fat ingestion (P<0.001). This was associated with sevenfold higher insulin and glucagon responses compared with fat ingestion (both P<0.001). After protein, the early GIP, but not GLP-1, responses correlated to insulin (r(2)=0.86; P=0.0001) but not glucagon responses. In contrast, after fat ingestion, GLP-1 and GIP did not correlate to islet hormones. We conclude that, whereas protein and fat release both incretin and islet hormones, the early GIP secretion after protein ingestion may be of primary importance to islet hormone secretion.",
author = "Carr, {Richard D} and Larsen, {Marianne O} and Winzell, {Maria S{\"o}rhede} and Katarina Jelic and Ola Lindgren and Deacon, {Carolyn F} and Bo Ahr{\'e}n",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008",
language = "English",
volume = "295",
pages = "E779--84",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism",
issn = "0193-1849",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Incretin and islet hormonal responses to fat and protein ingestion in healthy men.

AU - Carr, Richard D

AU - Larsen, Marianne O

AU - Winzell, Maria Sörhede

AU - Jelic, Katarina

AU - Lindgren, Ola

AU - Deacon, Carolyn F

AU - Ahrén, Bo

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) regulate islet function after carbohydrate ingestion. Whether incretin hormones are of importance for islet function after ingestion of noncarbohydrate macronutrients is not known. This study therefore examined integrated incretin and islet hormone responses to ingestion of pure fat (oleic acid; 0.88 g/kg) or protein (milk and egg protein; 2 g/kg) over 5 h in healthy men, aged 20-25 yr (n=12); plain water ingestion served as control. Both intact (active) and total GLP-1 and GIP levels were determined as was plasma activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). Following water ingestion, glucose, insulin, glucagon, GLP-1, and GIP levels and DPP-4 activity were stable during the 5-h study period. Both fat and protein ingestion increased insulin, glucagon, GIP, and GLP-1 levels without affecting glucose levels or DPP-4 activity. The GLP-1 responses were similar after protein and fat, whereas the early (30 min) GIP response was higher after protein than after fat ingestion (P<0.001). This was associated with sevenfold higher insulin and glucagon responses compared with fat ingestion (both P<0.001). After protein, the early GIP, but not GLP-1, responses correlated to insulin (r(2)=0.86; P=0.0001) but not glucagon responses. In contrast, after fat ingestion, GLP-1 and GIP did not correlate to islet hormones. We conclude that, whereas protein and fat release both incretin and islet hormones, the early GIP secretion after protein ingestion may be of primary importance to islet hormone secretion.

AB - Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) regulate islet function after carbohydrate ingestion. Whether incretin hormones are of importance for islet function after ingestion of noncarbohydrate macronutrients is not known. This study therefore examined integrated incretin and islet hormone responses to ingestion of pure fat (oleic acid; 0.88 g/kg) or protein (milk and egg protein; 2 g/kg) over 5 h in healthy men, aged 20-25 yr (n=12); plain water ingestion served as control. Both intact (active) and total GLP-1 and GIP levels were determined as was plasma activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4). Following water ingestion, glucose, insulin, glucagon, GLP-1, and GIP levels and DPP-4 activity were stable during the 5-h study period. Both fat and protein ingestion increased insulin, glucagon, GIP, and GLP-1 levels without affecting glucose levels or DPP-4 activity. The GLP-1 responses were similar after protein and fat, whereas the early (30 min) GIP response was higher after protein than after fat ingestion (P<0.001). This was associated with sevenfold higher insulin and glucagon responses compared with fat ingestion (both P<0.001). After protein, the early GIP, but not GLP-1, responses correlated to insulin (r(2)=0.86; P=0.0001) but not glucagon responses. In contrast, after fat ingestion, GLP-1 and GIP did not correlate to islet hormones. We conclude that, whereas protein and fat release both incretin and islet hormones, the early GIP secretion after protein ingestion may be of primary importance to islet hormone secretion.

U2 - 10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008

DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.90233.2008

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18612044

VL - 295

SP - E779-84

JO - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - American Journal of Physiology: Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0193-1849

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 8416743