Gluco-metabolic response to exogenous oxytocin in totally pancreatectomized patients and healthy individuals

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Oxytocin has been proposed to possess glucose-stabilizing effects through the release of insulin and glucagon from the pancreas. Also, exogenous oxytocin has been shown to stimulate extrapancreatic glucagon secretion in depancreatized dogs. Here, we investigated the effect of exogenous oxytocin on circulating levels of pancreatic and gut-derived glucose-stabilizing hormones (insulin [measured as C-peptide], glucagon, glucagon-like peptide 1 [GLP-1], and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide). We studied nine pancreatectomized (PX) patients and nine healthy controls (CTRLs) (matched on age and body mass index) before, during, and after an intravenous infusion of 10 IU of oxytocin administered over 12minutes. Oxytocin did not increase plasma glucagon levels, nor induce any changes in plasma glucose, C-peptide, or GIP in any of the groups. Oxytocin decreased plasma glucagon levels by 19 ± 10% in CTRLs (from 2.0 ± 0.5 [mean ± SEM] to 1.3 ± 0.2 pmol/l, P = 0.0025) and increased GLP-1 by 42 ± 22% in PX patients (from 9.0 ± 1.0 to 12.7 ± 1.0 pmol/l, P = 0.0003). Fasting plasma glucose levels were higher in PX patients compared with CTRLs (13.1 ± 1.1 vs. 5.1 ± 0.1mmol/l, P < 0.0001). In conclusion, the present findings do not support pancreas-mediated glucose-stabilizing effects of acute oxytocin administration in humans and warrant further investigation of oxytocin's gluco-metabolic effects. Trial registration NCT02944110.

Original languageEnglish
Article number171242
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2024

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Copyright © 2024. Published by Elsevier Inc.

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