Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy

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Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. / Andersen, O; Haugaard, S B; Holst, Jens Juul; Deacon, C F; Iversen, J; Andersen, U B; Nielsen, J O; Madsbad, S.

In: HIV Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 2, 03.2005, p. 91-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Andersen, O, Haugaard, SB, Holst, JJ, Deacon, CF, Iversen, J, Andersen, UB, Nielsen, JO & Madsbad, S 2005, 'Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy', HIV Medicine, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 91-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x

APA

Andersen, O., Haugaard, S. B., Holst, J. J., Deacon, C. F., Iversen, J., Andersen, U. B., ... Madsbad, S. (2005). Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. HIV Medicine, 6(2), 91-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x

Vancouver

Andersen O, Haugaard SB, Holst JJ, Deacon CF, Iversen J, Andersen UB et al. Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. HIV Medicine. 2005 Mar;6(2):91-8. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x

Author

Andersen, O ; Haugaard, S B ; Holst, Jens Juul ; Deacon, C F ; Iversen, J ; Andersen, U B ; Nielsen, J O ; Madsbad, S. / Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy. In: HIV Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 91-8.

Bibtex

@article{2ad0c7db3d3344888f59cedd290555c2,
title = "Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), which are major regulators of glucose tolerance through the stimulation of insulin secretion, contribute to impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) among HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).METHODS: Eighteen HIV-infected male patients (six lipodystrophic and 12 nonlipodystrophic) with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were compared with 10 HIV-infected male patients (eight lipodystrophic and two nonlipodystrophic) with IGT. Plasma concentrations of GLP-1 and GIP were determined frequently during a 3-h, 75-g glucose tolerance test. Insulin secretion rates (ISRs) were calculated by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations.RESULTS: The incremental area under the curve (incrAUC) for GLP-1 was increased by 250{\%} in IGT patients compared with NGT patients (1455+/-422 vs. 409+/-254 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; P<0.05), whereas the incrAUC for GIP did not differ between the study groups (7689+/-1097 vs. 8041+/-998 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; not significant). In pooled study groups, the GIP incrAUC correlated positively with the ISR incrAUC without adjustment (r=0.38, P<0.05) and following adjustment for glucose incrAUC (r=0.49, P<0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest: (1) that glucose-intolerant, HIV-infected male patients may display enhanced GLP-1 responses to oral glucose compared with normal glucose-tolerant HIV-infected male patients, which may represent a compensatory mechanism rather than explain the IGT; (2) that the GIP response may be associated with ISR independently of plasma glucose in nondiabetic HIV-infected males on HAART.",
keywords = "Adult, Analysis of Variance, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Antiviral Agents, Area Under Curve, Blood Glucose, Body Composition, C-Peptide, Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide, Glucagon, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Glucose, Glucose Intolerance, Glucose Tolerance Test, HIV Infections, HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome, Humans, Male, Peptide Fragments, Protein Precursors",
author = "O Andersen and Haugaard, {S B} and Holst, {Jens Juul} and Deacon, {C F} and J Iversen and Andersen, {U B} and Nielsen, {J O} and S Madsbad",
year = "2005",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "91--8",
journal = "HIV Medicine",
issn = "1464-2662",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enhanced glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) response to oral glucose in glucose-intolerant HIV-infected patients on antiretroviral therapy

AU - Andersen, O

AU - Haugaard, S B

AU - Holst, Jens Juul

AU - Deacon, C F

AU - Iversen, J

AU - Andersen, U B

AU - Nielsen, J O

AU - Madsbad, S

PY - 2005/3

Y1 - 2005/3

N2 - OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), which are major regulators of glucose tolerance through the stimulation of insulin secretion, contribute to impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) among HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).METHODS: Eighteen HIV-infected male patients (six lipodystrophic and 12 nonlipodystrophic) with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were compared with 10 HIV-infected male patients (eight lipodystrophic and two nonlipodystrophic) with IGT. Plasma concentrations of GLP-1 and GIP were determined frequently during a 3-h, 75-g glucose tolerance test. Insulin secretion rates (ISRs) were calculated by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations.RESULTS: The incremental area under the curve (incrAUC) for GLP-1 was increased by 250% in IGT patients compared with NGT patients (1455+/-422 vs. 409+/-254 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; P<0.05), whereas the incrAUC for GIP did not differ between the study groups (7689+/-1097 vs. 8041+/-998 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; not significant). In pooled study groups, the GIP incrAUC correlated positively with the ISR incrAUC without adjustment (r=0.38, P<0.05) and following adjustment for glucose incrAUC (r=0.49, P<0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest: (1) that glucose-intolerant, HIV-infected male patients may display enhanced GLP-1 responses to oral glucose compared with normal glucose-tolerant HIV-infected male patients, which may represent a compensatory mechanism rather than explain the IGT; (2) that the GIP response may be associated with ISR independently of plasma glucose in nondiabetic HIV-infected males on HAART.

AB - OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether the incretin hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP), which are major regulators of glucose tolerance through the stimulation of insulin secretion, contribute to impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) among HIV-infected patients on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).METHODS: Eighteen HIV-infected male patients (six lipodystrophic and 12 nonlipodystrophic) with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were compared with 10 HIV-infected male patients (eight lipodystrophic and two nonlipodystrophic) with IGT. Plasma concentrations of GLP-1 and GIP were determined frequently during a 3-h, 75-g glucose tolerance test. Insulin secretion rates (ISRs) were calculated by deconvolution of C-peptide concentrations.RESULTS: The incremental area under the curve (incrAUC) for GLP-1 was increased by 250% in IGT patients compared with NGT patients (1455+/-422 vs. 409+/-254 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; P<0.05), whereas the incrAUC for GIP did not differ between the study groups (7689+/-1097 vs. 8041+/-998 pmol/L/180 min, respectively; not significant). In pooled study groups, the GIP incrAUC correlated positively with the ISR incrAUC without adjustment (r=0.38, P<0.05) and following adjustment for glucose incrAUC (r=0.49, P<0.01).CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest: (1) that glucose-intolerant, HIV-infected male patients may display enhanced GLP-1 responses to oral glucose compared with normal glucose-tolerant HIV-infected male patients, which may represent a compensatory mechanism rather than explain the IGT; (2) that the GIP response may be associated with ISR independently of plasma glucose in nondiabetic HIV-infected males on HAART.

KW - Adult

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active

KW - Antiviral Agents

KW - Area Under Curve

KW - Blood Glucose

KW - Body Composition

KW - C-Peptide

KW - Gastric Inhibitory Polypeptide

KW - Glucagon

KW - Glucagon-Like Peptide 1

KW - Glucose

KW - Glucose Intolerance

KW - Glucose Tolerance Test

KW - HIV Infections

KW - HIV-Associated Lipodystrophy Syndrome

KW - Humans

KW - Male

KW - Peptide Fragments

KW - Protein Precursors

U2 - 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2005.00270.x

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15807714

VL - 6

SP - 91

EP - 98

JO - HIV Medicine

JF - HIV Medicine

SN - 1464-2662

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 132053826