Clearance of Sclerostin, Osteocalcin, Fibroblast Growth Factor 23, and Osteoprotegerin by Dialysis

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Introduction: Fibroblast growth factor (FGF23), sclerostin, osteocalcin, and osteoprotegerin are important factors that control mineral bone metabolism. End-stage renal disease is associated with the pronounced dysregulation of mineral bone metabolism; however, the impact and clearance of mineral bone metabolism factors during dialysis remain largely undescribed. Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 10 chronic hemodialysis patients were treated with hemodialysis for 8 h using a high-flux filter and a dialysate bath of 50% calculated total body water continuously recycled at a rate of 500 mL/min. Plasma and dialysate concentrations of FGF23, sclerostin, osteoprotegerin, and osteocalcin were measured at 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 h permitting the estimation of dialysis clearance. Results: Clearance of FGF23 was 7.7 mL/min, of sclerostin was 7.6 mL/min, of osteoprotegerin was 1.2 mL/min, and of osteocalcin was 19.7 mL/min. Clearance of FGF23 was correlated to sclerostin and osteoprotegerin clearance and also to the ultrafiltration rate. Although, osteocalcin blood concentrations decreased during dialysis, they rebounded within 6 h. Overall, no significant changes in blood concentrations of the measure mineral bone metabolism factors were observed. Conclusions: The intradialytic clearance of osteocalcin, FGF23, sclerostin, and osteoprotegerin occurs; however, only clearance of FGF23 is directly correlated with the ultrafiltration rate. The effects of dialytic clearance on mineral bone metabolism are, however, uncertain and intradialytic plasma concentrations of the studied substrates remained largely unchanged.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBlood Purification
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

    Research areas

  • Clearance, Dialysis, Fibroblast growth factor 23, Osteocalcin, Osteoprotegerin, Sclerostin

ID: 192560855