Auto-inflammatory challenge of the endolymphatic sac - Cochlear damage measured by distortion product oto-acoustic emissions

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CONCLUSION: Twenty-five rats were challenged by an immunologic attack of the endolymphatic sac. After 6 months, distortion product oto-acoustic emissions (DPOAE) revealed a dysfunction of the outer hair cells and immunological active cells were observed in the endolymphatic sac. This information could contribute to the understanding of Ménière's disease.

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated if an autoimmune challenge of the endolymphatic sac could affect DPOAE output measurements in rats. Also, a potential autoimmune cell infiltration of the endolymphatic sac was investigated.

METHODS: Eighteen Lewis rats were immunized with a crude endolymphatic sac extract in complete Freund's adjuvant. Seven control animals were injected with Freund's adjuvant in saline. Cochlear damage was estimated by DPOAE dynamics 3 weeks and 6 months after the immunization. Infiltrative cells in the endolymphatic sac were investigated with transmission electron microscopy.

RESULTS: The hearing assessment 6 months after immunization revealed a reduction of the DPOAE, on the full range of frequencies (2-63 kHz) in an average of the mean, of 2 dB ± 1.1 in the immunized group compared to the controls (p < 0.05). The same test showed a 2.5 dB decrease from 2 to 5 kHz (p < 0.01). Immunological active cells were observed in the endolymphatic sac in most of the immunized rats.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Oto-Laryngologica
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)758-764
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2015

ID: 135394295