Apolipoprotein M: bridging HDL and endothelial function

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Purpose of review: The review will address the potential roles of apolipoprotein M (apoM) as a carrier protein and modulator of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) bioactivity.
Recent findings: Recombinant apoM can bind small lipids such as retinoic acid, oxidized phospholipids, and S1P. Thus, the effects of apoM may be pleiotrophic. The S1P binding ability of apoM has biological impact. ApoM-bound S1P can activate S1P1 receptors on endothelial cells and deficiency of apoM abolishes the presence of S1P in HDL. In mice, the lack of apoM causes dysfunctional endothelial barrier function in the lungs. In humans, sepsis that is characterized by impaired endothelial function is associated with low plasma apoM.
Summary: Plasma apoM is mainly bound to HDL. The roles of apoM in atherosclerosis and lipoprotein metabolism have been given much attention. New in the field is the discovery of apoM as a chaperone for S1P. S1P is a bioactive lipid with effects on angiogenesis, lymphocyte trafficking, endothelial cell migration, and inflammation. A drug targeting the S1P-system (fingolimod) is now used for treatment of multiple sclerosis. It improves the blood–brain barrier and inhibits migration of lymphocytes into the brain. Further exploration of the apoM/S1P axis may uncover its potential as a biomarker and target for new treatments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Lipidology
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)295-300
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

    Research areas

  • Animals, Apolipoproteins, Atherosclerosis, Endothelial Cells, Humans, Lipid Metabolism, Lipocalins, Lipoproteins, HDL, Lysophospholipids, Protein Binding, Sepsis, Sphingosine

ID: 100887773