Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels

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Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels. / Hansen, Daniel Bloch; Ye, Zu-Cheng; Calloe, Kirstine; Braunstein, Thomas Hartig; Hofgaard, Johannes Pauli; Ransom, Bruce R; Nielsen, Morten Schak; MacAulay, Nanna.

In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 289, No. 38, 19.09.2014, p. 26058-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Hansen, DB, Ye, Z-C, Calloe, K, Braunstein, TH, Hofgaard, JP, Ransom, BR, Nielsen, MS & MacAulay, N 2014, 'Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels', The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 289, no. 38, pp. 26058-73. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.582155

APA

Hansen, D. B., Ye, Z-C., Calloe, K., Braunstein, T. H., Hofgaard, J. P., Ransom, B. R., ... MacAulay, N. (2014). Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 289(38), 26058-73. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.582155

Vancouver

Hansen DB, Ye Z-C, Calloe K, Braunstein TH, Hofgaard JP, Ransom BR et al. Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels. The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2014 Sep 19;289(38):26058-73. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M114.582155

Author

Hansen, Daniel Bloch ; Ye, Zu-Cheng ; Calloe, Kirstine ; Braunstein, Thomas Hartig ; Hofgaard, Johannes Pauli ; Ransom, Bruce R ; Nielsen, Morten Schak ; MacAulay, Nanna. / Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels. In: The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 289, No. 38. pp. 26058-73.

Bibtex

@article{8471fcbe55754d8a932e617267835d7c,
title = "Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels",
abstract = "Astrocytes and neurons express several large pore (hemi)channels that may open in response to various stimuli, allowing fluorescent dyes, ions, and cytoplasmic molecules such as ATP and glutamate to permeate. Several of these large pore (hemi)channels have similar characteristics with regard to activation, permeability, and inhibitor sensitivity. Consequently, their behaviors and roles in astrocytic and neuronal (patho)physiology remain undefined. We took advantage of the Xenopus laevis expression system to determine the individual characteristics of several large pore channels in isolation. Expression of connexins Cx26, Cx30, Cx36, or Cx43, the pannexins Px1 or Px2, or the purinergic receptor P2X7 yielded functional (hemi)channels with isoform-specific characteristics. Connexin hemichannels had distinct sensitivity to alterations of extracellular Ca(2+) and their permeability to dyes and small atomic ions (conductance) were not proportional. Px1 and Px2 exhibited conductance at positive membrane potentials, but only Px1 displayed detectable fluorescent dye uptake. P2X7, in the absence of Px1, was permeable to fluorescent dyes in an agonist-dependent manner. The large pore channels displayed overlapping sensitivity to the inhibitors Brilliant Blue, gadolinium, and carbenoxolone. These results demonstrated isoform-specific characteristics among the large pore membrane channels; an open (hemi)channel is not a nonselective channel. With these isoform-specific properties in mind, we characterized the divalent cation-sensitive permeation pathway in primary cultured astrocytes. We observed no activation of membrane conductance or Cx43-mediated dye uptake in astrocytes nor in Cx43-expressing C6 cells. Our data underscore that although Cx43-mediated transport is observed in overexpressing cell systems, such transport may not be detectable in native cells under comparable experimental conditions.",
author = "Hansen, {Daniel Bloch} and Zu-Cheng Ye and Kirstine Calloe and Braunstein, {Thomas Hartig} and Hofgaard, {Johannes Pauli} and Ransom, {Bruce R} and Nielsen, {Morten Schak} and Nanna MacAulay",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M114.582155",
language = "English",
volume = "289",
pages = "26058--73",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.",
number = "38",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Activation, Permeability, and Inhibition of Astrocytic and Neuronal Large Pore (Hemi)channels

AU - Hansen, Daniel Bloch

AU - Ye, Zu-Cheng

AU - Calloe, Kirstine

AU - Braunstein, Thomas Hartig

AU - Hofgaard, Johannes Pauli

AU - Ransom, Bruce R

AU - Nielsen, Morten Schak

AU - MacAulay, Nanna

N1 - © 2014 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

PY - 2014/9/19

Y1 - 2014/9/19

N2 - Astrocytes and neurons express several large pore (hemi)channels that may open in response to various stimuli, allowing fluorescent dyes, ions, and cytoplasmic molecules such as ATP and glutamate to permeate. Several of these large pore (hemi)channels have similar characteristics with regard to activation, permeability, and inhibitor sensitivity. Consequently, their behaviors and roles in astrocytic and neuronal (patho)physiology remain undefined. We took advantage of the Xenopus laevis expression system to determine the individual characteristics of several large pore channels in isolation. Expression of connexins Cx26, Cx30, Cx36, or Cx43, the pannexins Px1 or Px2, or the purinergic receptor P2X7 yielded functional (hemi)channels with isoform-specific characteristics. Connexin hemichannels had distinct sensitivity to alterations of extracellular Ca(2+) and their permeability to dyes and small atomic ions (conductance) were not proportional. Px1 and Px2 exhibited conductance at positive membrane potentials, but only Px1 displayed detectable fluorescent dye uptake. P2X7, in the absence of Px1, was permeable to fluorescent dyes in an agonist-dependent manner. The large pore channels displayed overlapping sensitivity to the inhibitors Brilliant Blue, gadolinium, and carbenoxolone. These results demonstrated isoform-specific characteristics among the large pore membrane channels; an open (hemi)channel is not a nonselective channel. With these isoform-specific properties in mind, we characterized the divalent cation-sensitive permeation pathway in primary cultured astrocytes. We observed no activation of membrane conductance or Cx43-mediated dye uptake in astrocytes nor in Cx43-expressing C6 cells. Our data underscore that although Cx43-mediated transport is observed in overexpressing cell systems, such transport may not be detectable in native cells under comparable experimental conditions.

AB - Astrocytes and neurons express several large pore (hemi)channels that may open in response to various stimuli, allowing fluorescent dyes, ions, and cytoplasmic molecules such as ATP and glutamate to permeate. Several of these large pore (hemi)channels have similar characteristics with regard to activation, permeability, and inhibitor sensitivity. Consequently, their behaviors and roles in astrocytic and neuronal (patho)physiology remain undefined. We took advantage of the Xenopus laevis expression system to determine the individual characteristics of several large pore channels in isolation. Expression of connexins Cx26, Cx30, Cx36, or Cx43, the pannexins Px1 or Px2, or the purinergic receptor P2X7 yielded functional (hemi)channels with isoform-specific characteristics. Connexin hemichannels had distinct sensitivity to alterations of extracellular Ca(2+) and their permeability to dyes and small atomic ions (conductance) were not proportional. Px1 and Px2 exhibited conductance at positive membrane potentials, but only Px1 displayed detectable fluorescent dye uptake. P2X7, in the absence of Px1, was permeable to fluorescent dyes in an agonist-dependent manner. The large pore channels displayed overlapping sensitivity to the inhibitors Brilliant Blue, gadolinium, and carbenoxolone. These results demonstrated isoform-specific characteristics among the large pore membrane channels; an open (hemi)channel is not a nonselective channel. With these isoform-specific properties in mind, we characterized the divalent cation-sensitive permeation pathway in primary cultured astrocytes. We observed no activation of membrane conductance or Cx43-mediated dye uptake in astrocytes nor in Cx43-expressing C6 cells. Our data underscore that although Cx43-mediated transport is observed in overexpressing cell systems, such transport may not be detectable in native cells under comparable experimental conditions.

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M114.582155

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M114.582155

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25086040

VL - 289

SP - 26058

EP - 26073

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 38

ER -

ID: 126173038