Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells

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Standard

Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells. / Madsen, Marie; Pedersen, Annemarie Aarup; Albinsson, Sebastian; Hartvigsen, Karsten; Sørensen, Charlotte M; Turczynska, Karolina; Nielsen, Lars Bo; Pedersen, Tanja Xenia.

I: Atherosclerosis, Bind 257, 01.02.2017, s. 64-70.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Madsen, M, Pedersen, AA, Albinsson, S, Hartvigsen, K, Sørensen, CM, Turczynska, K, Nielsen, LB & Pedersen, TX 2017, 'Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells', Atherosclerosis, bind 257, s. 64-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022

APA

Madsen, M., Pedersen, A. A., Albinsson, S., Hartvigsen, K., Sørensen, C. M., Turczynska, K., ... Pedersen, T. X. (2017). Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells. Atherosclerosis, 257, 64-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022

Vancouver

Madsen M, Pedersen AA, Albinsson S, Hartvigsen K, Sørensen CM, Turczynska K o.a. Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells. Atherosclerosis. 2017 feb 1;257:64-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022

Author

Madsen, Marie ; Pedersen, Annemarie Aarup ; Albinsson, Sebastian ; Hartvigsen, Karsten ; Sørensen, Charlotte M ; Turczynska, Karolina ; Nielsen, Lars Bo ; Pedersen, Tanja Xenia. / Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells. I: Atherosclerosis. 2017 ; Bind 257. s. 64-70.

Bibtex

@article{9aeb3daf450745a9a0704ed09f83cca9,
title = "Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic kidney disease leads to uremia and markedly accelerates atherosclerosis. Phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the arterial media plays a key role in accelerating atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether uremia per se modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs in vivo.METHODS: Moderate uremia was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) and wildtype C57Bl/6 mice. Plasma analysis, gene expression, histology, and myography were used to determine uremia-mediated changes in the arterial wall.RESULTS: Induction of moderate uremia in ApoE(-/-) mice increased atherosclerosis in the aortic arch en face 1.6 fold (p = 0.04) and induced systemic inflammation. Based on histological analyses of aortic root sections, uremia increased the medial area, while there was no difference in the content of elastic fibers or collagen in the aortic media. In the aortic arch, mRNA and miRNA expression patterns were consistent with a uremia-mediated phenotypic modulation of SMCs; e.g. downregulation of myocardin, α-smooth muscle actin, and transgelin; and upregulation of miR146a. Notably, these expression patterns were observed after acute (2 weeks) and chronic (19 and 30 weeks) uremia, both under normo- and hypercholesterolemic settings. Functionally, aortic constriction was decreased in uremic as compared to non-uremic aorta segments, as measured by myography.CONCLUSIONS: Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs as determined by mRNA/miRNA expression, an increased medial area, and decreased aortic contractility. We propose that this phenotypic modulation of SMCs precedes the acceleration of atherosclerosis observed in uremic mice.",
author = "Marie Madsen and Pedersen, {Annemarie Aarup} and Sebastian Albinsson and Karsten Hartvigsen and S{\o}rensen, {Charlotte M} and Karolina Turczynska and Nielsen, {Lars Bo} and Pedersen, {Tanja Xenia}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022",
language = "English",
volume = "257",
pages = "64--70",
journal = "Atherosclerosis",
issn = "0021-9150",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic smooth muscle cells

AU - Madsen, Marie

AU - Pedersen, Annemarie Aarup

AU - Albinsson, Sebastian

AU - Hartvigsen, Karsten

AU - Sørensen, Charlotte M

AU - Turczynska, Karolina

AU - Nielsen, Lars Bo

AU - Pedersen, Tanja Xenia

N1 - Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2017/2/1

Y1 - 2017/2/1

N2 - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic kidney disease leads to uremia and markedly accelerates atherosclerosis. Phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the arterial media plays a key role in accelerating atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether uremia per se modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs in vivo.METHODS: Moderate uremia was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) and wildtype C57Bl/6 mice. Plasma analysis, gene expression, histology, and myography were used to determine uremia-mediated changes in the arterial wall.RESULTS: Induction of moderate uremia in ApoE(-/-) mice increased atherosclerosis in the aortic arch en face 1.6 fold (p = 0.04) and induced systemic inflammation. Based on histological analyses of aortic root sections, uremia increased the medial area, while there was no difference in the content of elastic fibers or collagen in the aortic media. In the aortic arch, mRNA and miRNA expression patterns were consistent with a uremia-mediated phenotypic modulation of SMCs; e.g. downregulation of myocardin, α-smooth muscle actin, and transgelin; and upregulation of miR146a. Notably, these expression patterns were observed after acute (2 weeks) and chronic (19 and 30 weeks) uremia, both under normo- and hypercholesterolemic settings. Functionally, aortic constriction was decreased in uremic as compared to non-uremic aorta segments, as measured by myography.CONCLUSIONS: Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs as determined by mRNA/miRNA expression, an increased medial area, and decreased aortic contractility. We propose that this phenotypic modulation of SMCs precedes the acceleration of atherosclerosis observed in uremic mice.

AB - BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic kidney disease leads to uremia and markedly accelerates atherosclerosis. Phenotypic modulation of smooth muscle cells (SMCs) in the arterial media plays a key role in accelerating atherogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether uremia per se modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs in vivo.METHODS: Moderate uremia was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy in apolipoprotein E knockout (ApoE(-/-)) and wildtype C57Bl/6 mice. Plasma analysis, gene expression, histology, and myography were used to determine uremia-mediated changes in the arterial wall.RESULTS: Induction of moderate uremia in ApoE(-/-) mice increased atherosclerosis in the aortic arch en face 1.6 fold (p = 0.04) and induced systemic inflammation. Based on histological analyses of aortic root sections, uremia increased the medial area, while there was no difference in the content of elastic fibers or collagen in the aortic media. In the aortic arch, mRNA and miRNA expression patterns were consistent with a uremia-mediated phenotypic modulation of SMCs; e.g. downregulation of myocardin, α-smooth muscle actin, and transgelin; and upregulation of miR146a. Notably, these expression patterns were observed after acute (2 weeks) and chronic (19 and 30 weeks) uremia, both under normo- and hypercholesterolemic settings. Functionally, aortic constriction was decreased in uremic as compared to non-uremic aorta segments, as measured by myography.CONCLUSIONS: Uremia modulates the phenotype of aortic SMCs as determined by mRNA/miRNA expression, an increased medial area, and decreased aortic contractility. We propose that this phenotypic modulation of SMCs precedes the acceleration of atherosclerosis observed in uremic mice.

U2 - 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022

DO - 10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2016.12.022

M3 - Journal article

VL - 257

SP - 64

EP - 70

JO - Atherosclerosis

JF - Atherosclerosis

SN - 0021-9150

ER -

ID: 172399837