Ansatte ved Biomedicinsk Institut – Københavns Universitet

The Environment Shapes the Inner Vestibule of LeuT

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Dokumenter

Azmat Sohail, Kumaresan Jayaraman, Santhoshkannan Venkatesan, Kamil Gotfryd, Markus Daerr, Ulrik Gether, Claus J Loland, Klaus T Wanner, Michael Freissmuth, Harald H Sitte, Walter Sandtner, Thomas Stockner

Human neurotransmitter transporters are found in the nervous system terminating synaptic signals by rapid removal of neurotransmitter molecules from the synaptic cleft. The homologous transporter LeuT, found in Aquifex aeolicus, was crystallized in different conformations. Here, we investigated the inward-open state of LeuT. We compared LeuT in membranes and micelles using molecular dynamics simulations and lanthanide-based resonance energy transfer (LRET). Simulations of micelle-solubilized LeuT revealed a stable and widely open inward-facing conformation. However, this conformation was unstable in a membrane environment. The helix dipole and the charged amino acid of the first transmembrane helix (TM1A) partitioned out of the hydrophobic membrane core. Free energy calculations showed that movement of TM1A by 0.30 nm was driven by a free energy difference of ~15 kJ/mol. Distance measurements by LRET showed TM1A movements, consistent with the simulations, confirming a substantially different inward-open conformation in lipid bilayer from that inferred from the crystal structure.

OriginalsprogEngelsk
Artikelnummere1005197
TidsskriftPLoS Computational Biology
Vol/bind12
Tidsskriftsnummer11
Antal sider24
ISSN1553-734X
DOI
StatusUdgivet - nov. 2016

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